"With the rapid expansion plans at our Bataan refinery, we began the construction of a 140-MW power plant in 2010, called the Refinery Solid Fuel-Fired Boiler
It is usual to produce steam in a fuel-fired boiler
, although electric boilers are available for smaller loads.
James, who is a PhD candidate within the University's School of Engineering and Digital Arts, has been shortlisted because of his development of an innovative system for monitoring burner flames and predicting emissions from fossil fuel-fired boilers
using digital imaging, spectrometric, and soft-computing techniques.
Denmark, for instance, banned the use of fossil fuel-fired boilers
in new buildings as of 2013 and aims for renewables to provide almost 40 percent of total heat supply by 2020.
These rules pose stringent emission limits for solid and liquid fuel-fired boilers
. In addition, NYC has proposed changes to the local law pertaining to the phase out of#4 and #6 fuel oil.