fulmar


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Related to fulmar: fulmar petrel, Fulmarus

fulmar

(fŭl`mər): see shearwatershearwater,
common name for members of the family Procellariidae, gull-like sea birds related to the petrel and the albatross and including the fulmar. Shearwaters are found on unfrozen saltwaters all over the world, with 35 species in North America.
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; petrelpetrel
, common name given various oceanic birds belonging, like the albatross and the shearwater, to the order known commonly as tube-nosed swimmers. There are two families of petrels: the storm petrels (Hydrobatidae) and the diving petrels (Pelecanoididae).
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Fulmar

 

(Fulmarus glacialis), a bird of the family Procellariidae of the order Procellariiformes. The body length is approximately 50 cm, the wingspan approximately 110 cm, and the weight approximately 760 g. Plumage color may be light—grayish to dove gray—or dark—smoky brown of varied intensity.

Fulmars inhabit the northern parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and parts of the northern Arctic Ocean. They are oceanic birds, and they are found on land only during the reproductive period. They nest in colonies on rocky coasts. There is one egg per clutch, and both parents sit. Fulmars are active day and night. In the sea they feed on fish, fish roe, mollusks, crustaceans, and carrion. The birds fly excellently in any weather, and they can soar. They swim well, and they sleep and rest on the water. Fulmars move awkwardly on land, leaning on their metatarsal bones. They are objects of commerce—the eggs and meat are edible, the oily fat from the stomach is used for technical purposes, and the down is used.

REFERENCES

Kozlova, E. V. “Burevestnikovye ilitrubkonosye: Rod glupysh.” In Ptitsy SSSR, part 1. Moscow, 1951.
Sudilovskaia, A. M. “Otriad trubkonosye ili burevestnikovye: Rod glupysh.” In Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza, vol. 2. Moscow, 1951.

A. M. SUDILOVSKAIA

fulmar

[′fu̇l·mər]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of the oceanic birds composing the family Procellariidae; sometimes referred to as foul gulls because of the foul-smelling substance spat at intruders upon their nests.

fulmar

any heavily built short-tailed oceanic bird of the genus Fulmarus and related genera, of polar regions: family Procellariidae, order Procellariiformes (petrels)
References in periodicals archive ?
Dead fulmars are collected and examined to monitor levels of marine litter.
In 2003 at Prince Leopold Island, 20% of the murre chicks and 32% of the fulmar chicks died at nesting areas near the tops of the cliffs during heavy August snow, apparently after being abandoned by their parents (Gaston et al.
Kristy Fulmar of Hattiesburg served as maid of honor.
Albatrosses, fulmars, shearwaters, tropicbirds, frigatebirds, petrels, and diving-petrels are the most pelagic of all the world's birds.
The Northern Fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis) has been identified as one of the main avian consumers of sand-eels (Ammodytes marinus) in Shetland (Furness 1990) and in the North Sea (Anonymous 1993), the principal avian consumer of offal in the North Sea (Camphuysen et al.
The fields will be tied back to Talisman's Fulmar A platform and the Premier Oil-operated Balmoral Floating Production Vessel respectively.
BIRD NOTES With Julian Hughes HAS someone targeted Fulmar Petrels on Conwy coast?
From a total staff of 178 onboard, Talisman shifted 103 workers to the nearby Fulmar platform, which is 312km east of Dundee, Scotland, UK, in block number 30/16 and 30/11b.
The Government has confirmed the marine conservation zones (MCZs) of Coquet Island off Amble to St Mary's Island off Whitley Bay, plus Farnes East and Fulmar off Northumberland.
The Government has con-firmed the marine conservation zones (MCZs) of Coquet Island off Amble to St Mary's Island off Whitley Bay, plus Farnes East and Fulmar off Northumberland.
The loss of the supertanker led to the immediate shutdown of Fulmar and Auk fields, operated by Shell, and the Clyde Field run by BP.
Millar, of Fulmar Brae, Livingston, had pleaded guilty to the offence.