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see disinfectantdisinfectant,
agent that destroys disease-causing microorganisms and their spores. Disinfectants, or germicides, are sometimes considered to be substances applied to inanimate bodies, whereas antiseptics, not so potent, are agents that kill microbes on living things.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the destruction of pests and causative agents of plant diseases by means of toxic vapors and gases. Fumigation is carried out with the aid of devices called fumigators and is applied in warehouses, mills, grain elevators, hothouses, hotbeds, vegetable storehouses, containers, rooms, special chambers, pits, and tents made of canvas or synthetics. Soil and rodent burrows may also be fumigated. The process is used to protect cuttings and such crops as grains, vegetables, tea, and fruits, including grapes and citrus fruits.

During fumigation the toxic gases and vapors act on the respiratory organs of pests under airtight conditions, causing the harmful organisms to die from poisoning within a certain amount of time—from a few hours to several days. The method, length of time, and effectiveness of fumigation depend on the properties of the fumigants and pests, as well as on the degree of infestation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This report, although not exhaustive in scope, highlights the potential for integrated management of a key replant problem, PRD, with minimal dependence on soil fumigation. Optimized soil fumigation, crop rotation and careful rootstock selection all are valuable components for integrated management of PRD.
" Fumigation has not started and sanitation is poor.
KARACHI -- Sindh Health Department and Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC) have failed to kick off anti-dengue fumigation drive in Karachi despite the fact that the dengue and malaria cases are on the rise in the megacity.
"The fumigation of 50,000 ha of coca means that drug traffickers will not gain US$7 billion," said Bernardo Ortiz, vice minister of defense.
Akhtar urged the fumigation staff to ensure fumigation in and around city rivers and drains where water stayed two times to eliminate the breeding of larva and do spray with hand machines where it is not possible to do so with spray vehicles.
He said while talking to media after inspecting the cleaning works in Korangi district and inaugurating the fumigation drive,said a statement.
Forty vehicles have been deployed to carry out fumigation at every district of the city, according to a press release issued here on Sunday.
Mr Akhtar, who opened the drive, said that 40 insecticide spray vehicles would carry out fumigation in each district of the city.
KARACHI -- The Municipal Services of Karachi Metropolitan Corporation (KMC) has failed to launch the fumigation campaign in Karachi despite the fact that the dengue and malaria cases are rising in different areas of Karachi city.
On Sunday, Locsin uploaded several photos of the trash-filled container vans that are currently undergoing fumigation process in Subic port.
Now joint US-Philippine ops will shut down Subic and stop fumigation. Hey!