functional

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functional

1. Psychol
a. relating to the purpose or context of a behaviour
b. denoting a psychosis such as schizophrenia assumed not to have a direct organic cause, like deterioration or poisoning of the brain
2. Maths a function whose domain is a set of functions and whose range is a set of functions or a set of numbers
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Functional

 

a mathematical concept originating in the calculus of variations, where it denotes a variable that depends on one or more functions or curves. Examples of functionals are the area bounded by a closed curve of a given length and the work of a force field along a curve. As functional analysis developed, the term “functional” acquired the more general sense of a numbervalued function defined on a linear space.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

functional

[′fəŋk·shən·əl]
(computer science)
In a linear programming problem involving a set of variables xj , j = 1, 2, …, n, a function of the form c1 x1+ c2 x2+ ⋯ + cn xn (where the cj are constants) which one wishes to optimize (maximize or minimize, depending on the problem) subject to a set of restrictions.
(mathematics)
Any function from a vector space into its scalar field.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

functional

(1)
Working correctly.

functional

(2)
Pertaining to functional programming.

functional

(3)
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
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