fundamental

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fundamental

1. Music denoting or relating to the principal or lowest note of a harmonic series
2. of or concerned with the component of lowest frequency in a complex vibration
3. 
a. the principal or lowest note of a harmonic series
b. the bass note of a chord in root position
4. Physics
a. the component of lowest frequency in a complex vibration
b. the frequency of this component
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

fundamental

[¦fən·də¦ment·əl]
(physics)
The lowest frequency component of a complex wave. Also known as first harmonic; fundamental component.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
(35) I remain neutral about whether the favoring relation can be accounted for in terms of the notions of fittingness or Tightness, perhaps in combination with other notions such as evidence or explanation (Schroeter and Schroeter, "Reasons as Right-Makers"; Chappell, "Fittingness"; McHugh and Way, "Fittingness First"; Whiting, "Right in Some Respects"; Howard, "The Fundamentality of Fit"), or whether favoring is instead aprimitive normative relation that explains which attitudes are fitting (for instance, Scanlon, What We Owe to Each Other; Schroeder, Slaves of the Passions; Parfit, On What Matters).
at 739 ("But the fundament of the right to privacy is not to be found in the supposed fundamentality of what the law proscribes.
" Patient claims that the law violates the substantive component of the Fourteenth Amendment's Due Process Clause (2) Having recently studied up on substantive due process doctrine, I know that my disposition of this claim will depend on whether the "right" being asserted by the plaintiff qualifies as "fundamental" or "nonfundamental," (3) and I know how 1 should go about assessing a right's fundamentality. Here too, however, I encounter a problem: I am not sure how to characterize the right whose fundamentality I should assess.
We want to insist upon the distinction between norms and metanorms precisely to protect the fundamentality of the individual in ethics against moral socialism.
fundamentality of sexual orientation to personal identity).
fundamentality and flexibility the right must exhibit under the
In sum, Nietzsche's view of reality denies the fundamentality of individual entities.
For the fundamentality and <<discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractional electric charge excitations>> H.L.
(The fundamentality of these is suggested, for example, by how when someone contradicts himself in a court of law, he loses all credibility!
The essays were then processed applying corpus linguistics techniques, which allowed us to quantify term usage and distribution, lexical diversity and fundamentality and also to reveal interpersonality traits based on an analysis of metadiscourse markers.
Note that the panel spent no time discussing the origin, scope, or fundamentality of the right at issue, as modern "substantive due process" doctrine requires.

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