fundamental

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fundamental

1. Music denoting or relating to the principal or lowest note of a harmonic series
2. of or concerned with the component of lowest frequency in a complex vibration
3. 
a. the principal or lowest note of a harmonic series
b. the bass note of a chord in root position
4. Physics
a. the component of lowest frequency in a complex vibration
b. the frequency of this component
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

fundamental

[¦fən·də¦ment·əl]
(physics)
The lowest frequency component of a complex wave. Also known as first harmonic; fundamental component.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Court is missing the point of the "fundamentalness" of fundamental rights.
The Court, unable to tell the difference between the PGA golf cart rule and the American League designated hitter rule, responded that it couldn't understand "the whole meaning of fundamentalness with regard to sport." (287) It then asked the Respondent if a player had a disability that caused an unusually long torso, could baseball change the strike zone, which is normally from the knees to the chest, and make it smaller for him.
[G]iven a right to defend oneself against reasonably expected threats, and given that a firearm provides the only practicable means of self-defense, the right to bear arms can be inferred." (8) The "fundamentalness," as it were, of the right to prevent violations of one's moral rights "transfers" to the right to own guns under circumstances in which guns are the only available means to prevent the violation of one's moral rights.

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