funicle


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funicle

[′fyün·ə·kəl]
(anatomy)
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14, 20) with scape minus radicle 4.2 to 4.5x as long as wide; flagellar segments with very long setae (much longer than each segment's width); funicle segments longer than wide, more or less subequal in length (F1 slightly shorter), short mps on F2 (1), F3 (0 or 1), F4 to F6 (1 or 2); clava entire, 5.8 to 6.1x as long as wide, a little wider than funicle segments, with 3 or 4 short mps.
Euglypha is part of an unresolved clade formed by a group of species with concave-convex seeds (character 66) and a massive funicle (70).
Species Presence of Seed coat funicle (exotesta) Cosmos sulphureus Sessile Non - specialized Eclipta alba Sessile Non - specialized Emilia sonchifolia Sessile Secondary thickening Elephantopus mollis Sessile Secondary thickening Erechtites valerianifolius Sessile Non - specialized Galinsoga quadriradiata Sessile Non - specialized Parthenium hysterophorus Sessile Non - specialized Praxelis clematidea Sessile Non - specialized Sigesbeckia orientalis Short funicle Non - specialized
5) with scape about 2.0x as long as wide; funicle (excluding 3 anelli) 4-segmented, F1-F4 more or less subequal in length; clava 3-segmented, apical segment with a spicula; funicle and claval segments with long hairs and each with at least 2 hair-like longitudinal sensilla.
Gaster sometimes completely dark brown; antenna with third funicle segment are distinctly longer than broad with long setae (Plate VII; Fig.
3) and at most reaching eye, 0.78 x (0.65-0.78 x) as long as 1st-7th funicular segments combined, set with fine pubescence, and not touching the eyes; funicle 1 2.29 x (2.29-2.48 x) as long as broad, 1.54 x (1.54-1.71 x) as long as funicle 2; funicle 2, 2.74 x (2.59-2.79 x) as long as broad; funicular segments 1st-7th progressively decreasing in length, and longer than broad, set with few, elongate setae; club compact, subcylindrical, and 2.58 x (2.40-2.62 x) as long as broad.
The funicle had 4 segments and its 1st segment was shorter than the other segments; the clava had 3 segments that were thicker than those of the funicle, and with the length of the clava equaled the sum of the 2nd and 3rd funicular segments; the length and the width of 1st claval segment were equal; the transverse section of the 2nd claval segment was broader and the 3rd claval segment was contracted into a circular cone; there was 1 chaetica sensilla (Fig.