The DPD is a very unstable compound that reacts with water and cyclizes to form several furanones
, one of which is thought to be the precursor of AI-2 (SCHAUDER et al., 2001).
In the meantime, to prevent or to combat these obstinate biofilm producers, small molecules (N-acetylcysteine, Ca2+ and Mg2+ chelators), and matrix-targeting enzymes (dispersin B, DNase I, proteinase K and trypsin), bactericidal and antiadhesion coatings (trimethylsilane, carboxybetaine methacrylate, organoselenium, heparin, and hyaluronic acid; polymer brush coatings; and furanones
) were commenced successfully in developed nations .
. Quorum-sensing communication contributes to the development of biofilms, and some studies have looked towards furanones
as a solution to disrupting a bacterium's ability to communicate to prevent or inhibit biofilm formation .
DHA reacts only in FC assay where AA also shows higher AOP, most likely as a result of formation of hydroxy furanones
 which are redox active substances .
There were 2728, 2212, 2674, and 2781 peaks identified in the crude biooil before/after aging and the ethanol-stabilized biooil before/after aging, respectively, and the major component groups were ketones, phenols, furanones
, and acids.
Taylor-Edmonds, "Effects of coagulation on the removal of natural organic matter, genotoxicity, and precursors to halogenated furanones
," Water Research, vol.
from marine red macroalgae Delisea pulchra were the first reported quenchers of quorum sensing (9, 10).
(9) The furanones
are thought to make less significant contributions to aroma due to their considerably higher aroma-detection thresholds, but they may influence the perception of oak lactone.
How Delisea pulchra furanones
affect quorum sensing and swarming motility in Serratia liquefaciens MG1.
Hentzer et al., "Synthetic furanones
inhibit quorum-sensing and enhance bacterial clearance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infection in mice," Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol.
Henzter et al., "Halogenated furanones
inhibit quorum sensing through accelerated LuxR turnover," Microbiology, vol.