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A small cutaneous abscess, usually resulting from infection of a hair follicle by Staphylococcus aureus. Also known as boil.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an acute purulent necrotic inflammation of a hair follicle and surrounding tissue caused by pyogenic bacteria, chiefly Staphylococcus aureus.

The occurrence of furuncles is promoted by contamination and microtraumas of the skin, increased perspiration and fatty secretion, and metabolic disorders. Characteristic is a painful inflamed nodule with a central slough, or core. After the necrotic tissue is sloughed off, the skin heals and forms a scar. Furuncles usually appear on the neck, back, face, or back of the head. The presence of multiple furuncles is called furunculosis. Purulent necrotic inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue around a group of hair follicles and sebaceous glands is called a carbuncle. Severe complications (purulent meningitis, sepsis) may result from a furuncle on the face.

Treatment includes applying an antiseptic to the skin and, sometimes, administering an antibiotic orally or intramuscularly. Prevention consists of proper personal hygiene, prevention of microtraumas of the skin, and prompt treatment of injured skin.


Raben, A. S. Furunkuly i furunkulez, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1962.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
HS manifests with tender, subcutaneous, inflammatory nodules that resemble furuncles; these lesions generally are the first to come to medical attention.
Lesions may resemble a pyogenic granuloma, actinomycosis, a thyroglossal duct cyst, a branchial cleft cyst, a furuncle, a squamous cell carcinoma and an epidermal cyst (1).
While most nasal septal abscesses result from trauma, cases have been reported after nasal surgery, nasal vestibule furuncle, sinusitis, and dental infection.
A staph skin infection can show up as an abscess, boil, or furuncle (a boil that involves a hair follicle and nearby skin tissue).
However, he predicted that the impeachment crisis will not be resolved soon - he even compared it to a "furuncle" that will continue to grow for some time.
When individual lesions such as Furuncle (8%), Carbuncle (2%), Folliculitis (8%), Abscess (2%) are considered it is comparable to Munoz Perez et al.
All of those with polymicrobial necrotising fasciitis had predisposing conditions (alcohol excess, diabetes mellitus and morbid obesity), whereas only four out of six of those with the monomicrobial necrotising fasciitis had predisposing conditions (varicella, trauma, furuncle).
A suspected case was defined as illness (observed via clinical examination by a physician) consistent with staphylococcal skin infection (e.g., carbuncle, furuncle, folliculitis, or cellulitis) that occurred in an elephant calf caretaker after contact with the elephant calf.
Approximately 50% of symptomatic Chagas patients develop a chagoma, which can be described as a nodule or furuncle at the site of the bite (Roberts & Kemp, 2001).
However, clinicians should be alert for possible staphylococcal infections, such as wound abscess, furuncle, carbuncle, or mastitis, in these women.
Forearm furuncle resulting from community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).