Furuncle

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Related to furuncles: impetigo, cellulitis, folliculitis

furuncle

[′fyu̇r‚əŋ·kəl]
(medicine)
A small cutaneous abscess, usually resulting from infection of a hair follicle by Staphylococcus aureus. Also known as boil.

Furuncle

 

an acute purulent necrotic inflammation of a hair follicle and surrounding tissue caused by pyogenic bacteria, chiefly Staphylococcus aureus.

The occurrence of furuncles is promoted by contamination and microtraumas of the skin, increased perspiration and fatty secretion, and metabolic disorders. Characteristic is a painful inflamed nodule with a central slough, or core. After the necrotic tissue is sloughed off, the skin heals and forms a scar. Furuncles usually appear on the neck, back, face, or back of the head. The presence of multiple furuncles is called furunculosis. Purulent necrotic inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue around a group of hair follicles and sebaceous glands is called a carbuncle. Severe complications (purulent meningitis, sepsis) may result from a furuncle on the face.

Treatment includes applying an antiseptic to the skin and, sometimes, administering an antibiotic orally or intramuscularly. Prevention consists of proper personal hygiene, prevention of microtraumas of the skin, and prompt treatment of injured skin.

REFERENCE

Raben, A. S. Furunkuly i furunkulez, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1962.

A. S. RABEN

References in periodicals archive ?
Staphylococcal Panton-Valentine leucocidin as a major virulence factor associated to furuncles.
Characteristic bilateral involvement of the axillae, perineum, or inguinal folds is suggestive of HS, whereas a single, unilateral nodule more likely represents a staphylococcal furuncle.
Lesions may resemble a pyogenic granuloma, actinomycosis, a thyroglossal duct cyst, a branchial cleft cyst, a furuncle, a squamous cell carcinoma and an epidermal cyst (1).
A furuncle or boil is a painful skin nodule associated with circumscribed inflammation of the corium or dermis and subcutaneous tissue, enclosing a central slough or core.
In humans, most staphylococcal infections are limited to the body surfaces such as boils, furuncles, styes, impetigo, and other superficial skin infections.
Furuncles (abscessed hair follicles or "boils"), carbuncles (coalesced masses of furuncles), pimples, and abscesses are common presentations to the primary care clinician.
Cellulitis, erysipelas, Chiller, Selkin, & impetigo, folliculitis, Murakawa, 2001 furuncles and carbuncles Necrotizing fasciitis Swoboda-Kopec et al.
Staphylococcus aureus causes a wide variety of diseases in humans, the clinical courses of which range from boils and furuncles to more serious diseases such as septicemia and pneumonia (1).
Infections ranged from small furuncles to deeper abscesses; no deaths or bacteremias occurred, and no inmates were hospitalized.
10 patients had furuncles, 4 had abscess and 1 patient suffered from cellulitis.
OSSC has been used as an effective traditional Chinese medicine on various kinds of diseases, such as dysentery, diarrhea, sore throat, arthritis, neuralgia, and furuncles in China (Editorial Board of Chinese Materia Medica, 1999; Lee et al.