fuselage

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fuselage:

see airplaneairplane,
 aeroplane,
or aircraft,
heavier-than-air vehicle, mechanically driven and fitted with fixed wings that support it in flight through the dynamic action of the air.
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Fuselage

 

in aviation, the body of an aircraft, used to accommodate the crew, passengers, cargo, and equipment; it ties together the wing, empennage, and sometimes the landing gear and power plant. The principal structural elements are a frame and a skin. In truss fuselages, the frame is a three-dimensional truss, and the skin serves to give the fuselage a streamlined shape. In shell-type fuselages, the framework is created by longitudinal elements (longerons and stringers) and transverse elements (ribs); the skin, which provides stiffening, and the frame both take up the load. Composite fuselages may combine a forward section of the truss-type with a shell-type tail, or vice versa.

Supersonic aircraft have the nose section sharply pointed for improved aerodynamics. In some aircraft the empennage is mounted on special beams; in such cases the fuselage is called a gondola. The fuselages of seaplanes are made in the form of a marine hull.

fuselage

[′fyü·sə‚läzh]
(aerospace engineering)
In an airplane, the central structure to which wings and tail are attached; it accommodates flight crew, passengers, and cargo.

Fuselage

The component of an aircraft that provides the payload containment and the structural connection for the wing and the empennage (tail assembly). The fuselage and the wing are major structural components of an aircraft. The fuselage is the mounting structure for the horizontal and tail surfaces that provides stability as well as the means of introducing pitch and yaw control to the aircraft. For some aircraft like fighter and private aircraft, the fuselage houses the engine or engines. The nose or tail gear and the main landing gear are often attached to the fuselage structure.

The history of the construction of aircraft fuselages has evolved through the early wood truss structural arrangements to the current metal semi-monocoque shell structures. A majority of aircraft fuselages are fabricated from aluminum alloys and are produced by a process of automatic machining of the skins and stringers (see illustration), with much of the assembly being done by automatic drilling, countersinking, and fastener installation. In some areas, adhesive bonding is used as a means of attaching doublers to reinforce skin panels. In many of the high-performance aircraft, such as fighters and bombers, extensive use is made of titanium and high-strength steel. See Airframe

Boeing 747 fuselage with stringer-stiffened skin supported by framesenlarge picture
Boeing 747 fuselage with stringer-stiffened skin supported by frames

fuselage

fuselage
The main structure or body of most types of airplanes, to which the wings, tailplane, fin, rudder, and other surfaces are attached. It is the center body of the airplane designed to carry the crew, passengers, and cargo. The fuselage is generally classified according to its construction: truss type, monocoque, etc.

fuselage

the main body of an aircraft, excluding the wings, tailplane, and fin
References in periodicals archive ?
with the Macon site providing assembled fuselage panels to Boeing's 747 final assembly line in Everett, Washington.
With this new technology, fuselage sections will be built using automated, guided robots that will fasten the panels of the fuselage together, drilling and filling the more than approximately 60,000 fasteners that are TODAY installed by hand.
Steve Timms, BAE SYSTEMS Typhoon Airframe Systems Integrated Project Team Leader said: 'The Single Seat Front Fuselage is the most advanced and complex Major Unit we have had to design, engineer, manufacture and test.
They used cables to hoist the helicopter fuselage with its mock passengers into the air and swing it to the ground, much like a pendulum.
Spirit won a contract with Airbus in May 2008 to design and produce Section 15 of the A350 XWB's composite fuselage.
The center fuselage for the Marine Corps variant will be delivered early next month to Lockheed Martin's plant in Fort Worth, Texas, where final assembly of the jets will be performed.
The Premier I fuselage is formed in two composite sections that are then bonded together; the Horizon will be assembled from three fuselage sections.
The 80 aircraft will be dismantled at RAF St Athan in Wales and the fuselages sent to BAe for replacement before the aircraft are put back together again by RAF engineers.
Headquartered in Dallas, the company designs and manufactures major airframe structures such as wings, fuselage subassemblies, empennages, nacelles and other components for prime manufacturers of aircraft.
NYSE: NOC) said it has marked another significant production milestone for the F-35 Lightning II program by delivering its 150th centre fuselage to F-35 prime contractor Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT).
The first complete main fuselage assembly has been delivered by the PT Dirgantara Indonesia (Booth E35), also known as Indonesia Aerospace (IAe) for the EC225/725 helicopter series to Airbus Helicopters (formerly Eurocopter).
This delivery reflects the growing maturity of TAI's composite fiber-placed manufacturing processes, and the steady evolution of its role as a second source supplier of center fuselages for the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) program," said Mark Tucker, vice president and F-35 program manager for Northrop Grumman's Aerospace Systems sector.