Almost due south of Beta Ceti is an important coordinate point: the south galactic pole
. It's located in a dim area of the constellation Sculptor only 2[degrees] from the lovely spiral galaxy NGC 253 and 1/2[degrees] from the globular cluster NGC 288.
Many of them are found around the north galactic pole
[young] stars of spectral type A in the direction of the south galactic pole
This signals that the south galactic pole
is nearly overhead and that the globular star cluster NGC 288 is in a prime viewing position near the zenith.
In contrast, if you were to look down on the Milky Way from the north galactic pole
in Coma Berenices, you'd see the flattened disk with its spiral arms circling the galactic center clockwise.
The south galactic pole
is situated within the galaxy-laden constellation of Sculptor, which is home to one of the more oddly placed open clusters in the sky: Blanco 1.
Phoenix lies near the south galactic pole
in a direction where we're looking far away from the galactic plane.
In contrast, the Big Dipper floats near the star-poor region of the north galactic pole
, where we are looking straight up out of the equatorial plane of our lens-shaped galaxy.
Indeed, Sculptor contains the south galactic pole
, where we look straight out from our galaxy's disk to the unobstructed universe beyond.
Home to such deep-sky splendors as the galaxies NGC 55 and NGC 253, Sculptor is also where the south galactic pole
resides, the point 90[degrees] south of the galactic plane.
It has the distinction of having the highest galactic latitude of any planetary, being a mere 1 1/2[degrees] from the north galactic pole
. The central star is part of a binary system that includes a primary that varies between 8.7 and 8.9 magnitude and is bright enough to hamper observation of the nebula.
Meanwhile, the south galactic pole
is in Sculptor, now sinking in the west.