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see railrail,
common name for some members of the large family Rallidae, marsh and tropical forest birds that include the gallinule and the coot, two specialized rails. Rails are cosmopolitan in distribution, except in polar regions.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Gallínula), a genus of birds in the order Grui-formes. There are four species: the common gallinule (Gallínula chlowpus) is found in the USSR. Length, approximately 35 cm. Its legs are long, and the beak and tail are short. The back is brownish olive, and the belly gray; there are white lengthwise stripes along the sides. The head is black, with a red spot on the forehead, and the beak is red with a yellow top. Birds of the Gallínula genus are found throughout the world, except Australia.

In the USSR, the common gallinule is found as far north as Leningrad and Omsk and as far east as the Altai. It also nests in Primor’e Krai, Sakhalin Island, and the southern Kuril Islands.

Gallinules are migratory birds and only rarely stay the winterin their nesting grounds. They settle in freshwater, overgrown, grassy bodies of water and build nests in the middle of the waterin rushes or bushes. The female lays six to 12 eggs twice a year.They feed mainly on aquatic invertebrates.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Reflecting the greater amount of information on bicycles as opposed to gallinule nests, the a posteriori coefficient of variation of [lambda] was only [sigma]([lambda]|X)/E([lambda]|X) = 11%.
William Hill report plenty of interest in Jan Vermeer and now make Sunday's impressive Airlie Stud Gallinule Stakes winner their 11-4 favourite with St Nicholas Abbey out to 3-1 (from 7-4).
The fact that he stays loyal to Latrobe, whom he has ridden on his last three starts including when chasing home Platinum Warrior in the Gallinule Stakes, speaks volumes as you sense he could have ridden one for his father.
He started favourite for the Group 3 Airlie Stud Gallinule Stakes at the Curragh last time and, having travelled strongly, failed to pick-up before staying on to finish second to Platinum Warrior.
He added: "We were really pleased with Jan Vermeer's run in the Gallinule, he showed plenty of pace and came home well despite it being his first run of the season.
There was talk of a possible Classic bid after that win and next Sunday's Gallinule Stakes should tell us much more about Winchester.
The Aga Khan's colt bids to book his place at Epsom when he meets Aidan O'Brien's Scorpion in the Airlie Stud Gallinule Stakes.
The master of Copper Beech Stables notched his 1,000th career winner when the son of Galileo landed the Group 3 Gallinule Stakes at the Curragh last month and Halford has been extremely pleased with Zhang Yuesheng's threeyear-old since.
The Joseph O'Brientrained maiden Latrobe, collared late by Hunting Horn on his seasonal bow in Naas, is the choice in the Group 3 Airlie Stud Gallinule Stakes.
On the same card the stable's "dark horse" Kingdom Of Naples runs in the Gallinule Stakes, a trial over 1m2f.
RIGHT WING steps up to Group-race company in the Gallinule Stakes at the Curragh today.
The other double-digit hike went to Jim Bolger's improving filly Cimeara, up 10lb to 92 after finishing a good fifth in Sunday's Gallinule Stakes at the Curragh.