The comparative analysis on diameters of gametic
cell stages from diploid and tetraploid Catarina scallop indicated that cell size was significantly larger in tetraploids than in diploids for all oogenic and spermatogenic stages (Table 1), corroborating the microphotograph observations.
Here, we begin with the definition of gametic
For PHASE runs where site probabilities were less than 0.60 (excluding polymorphic sites unique to an individual), then cloning techniques were used to help resolve gametic
phase by priming the PHASE algorithm.
The following examples could help to visualize this fact: whereas the average gametic
chromosome number for angiosperms is n = 15.99, the mean for all homosporous ferns is n = 55.27 (Soltis & Soltis, 1990).
asterias based on genetic data, as well as gene flow in the form of gametic
migration, and we examined genetic evidence for a recent reduction in size of populations.
Maldonado-Amparo R, Ramirez JL, Avila S, Ibarra AM (2004) Triploid lion-paw scallop (Nodipecten subnodosus Sowerby); growth, gametogenesis, and gametic
cell frequencies when grown at a high food availability site.
Hemitripterids have internal gametic
association with external fertilization as their mode of reproduction.
In literature, LD is also described as "gametic
disequilibrium" (GD) or "gametic
phase disequilibrium (GPD), describing the same non-rondom association of alleles in a population of unrelated individuals, assuming Hardy-Weinberg law (Jannink and Walsh, 2002).
[v.sub.gam] = hypothetical gametic
multilocus diversity (Gregorius 1987);
In addition to the less computationally intensive alignment procedure and a higher sensitivity for detecting larger insertions or deletions (12), the use of a long-read NGS technology improves the direct observation of haplotype structures, because each NGS read displays the gametic
Genetic structure studies of tree species have furthered our understanding of how population genetic architecture is produced by provided insights on patterns of gametic
union, gene flow and genetic sub structuring of plant populations (Hamrick, 1989).