Arthroplasty

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arthroplasty

[′är·thrō‚plas·tē]
(medicine)
The making of an artificial joint.
Reconstruction of a new and functioning joint from an ankylosed one; a plastic operation upon a joint.

Arthroplasty

 

an operation that restores function of a joint.

Indications for arthroplasty are ankyloses, improperly knitted intra-articular fractures, and deforming arthroses. Arthroplasty consists in disconnecting the joint extremities, modeling new joint surfaces, and placing between them layers of the patient’s tissue (skin or fascia). Caps of cartilage or fetal membrane (amnion) are also used. Preserved joint extremities (homohemijoints) or whole joints (homojoints) taken from corpses, artificial joint heads of plastic or metal (for example, the head of the femur in arthroplasty of the hip joint), and artificial joints (for example, metallic prostheses of the hip joint or of finger joints) are widely used. After the operation, prolonged functional treatment (therapeutic exercise, physiotherapy, and massage) is mandatory.

REFERENCE

Chaklin, V. D. Operativnaia ortopediia. Moscow, 1951.
References in periodicals archive ?
A gap arthroplasty was performed to a separate the bony fusion between the condyle and lateral glenoid fossa [Figure 4]b.
Multiple surgical techniques are available, including gap arthroplasty, interpositional arthroplasty, and total joint reconstruction.
Gap arthroplasty is performed to remove the fibrous or bony tissue between the articular surfaces.
Functional Restoration by Gap arthroplasty in temporomandibular joint ankylosis, A report of 50 cases.
Temporomandibular joint ankylosis: experience with interpositional gap arthroplasty at Ayub Medical College Abbottabad.
Gap arthroplasty showed good results when treating TMJ ankylosis.
Amongst the procedures used primarily for the relief of ankylosis, some researchers have advocated in favour of Gap arthroplasty whereas others have con- cluded that Interpositional arthroplasty is a better option.14 The purpose of this study was to evaluate and find the results of Gap and Interpositional arthro- plasty, in order to standardize the management of TMJ ankylosis among patients reporting at Khyber College of Dentistry, Peshawar.
Patients in group A were treated by gap arthroplasty (n=30) while patients in group B with interpositional arthroplasty.
Among patients treated by Gap arthroplasty (group A) at the end of 6 months post-operative follow up, the mean IID was measured.
Gap arthroplasty versus interpositional arthroplasty in the management of tem- poromandibular joint ankylosis.
TMJ Ankylosis experience with gap arthroplasty at Ayub medical college.