angelica(redirected from garden angelica)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
angelica(ănjĕl`ĭkə), any species of the genus Angelica, plants of the family Umbelliferae (parsleyparsley,
Mediterranean aromatic herb (Petroselinum crispum or Apium petroselinum) of the carrot family, cultivated since the days of the Romans for its foliage, used in cookery as a seasoning and garnish.
..... Click the link for more information. family), native to the Northern Hemisphere and New Zealand, valued for their potency as a medicament and protection against evil spirits and the plague, which probably accounts for the name; angelica is a poetic symbol for inspiration. The roots and fruits yield angelica oil, which is used in perfume, confectionery, medicine, and for flavoring liqueurs (such as angelica). The species most often used for these purposes is A. archangelica, a subarctic and alpine plant of the Old World once extensively grown but now seldom cultivated outside Germany. This and a few other species are sometimes used as ornamentals. Angelica is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
..... Click the link for more information. , class Magnoliopsida, order Apiales, family Umbelliferae.
Angelica(religion, spiritualism, and occult)
One of many plants and herbs used by Witch herbalists. Medicinally, it is a stimulant, a tonic, and an aromatic or diaphoretic. It is used for the kidneys, spleen and heart, and to induce perspiration. Its Latin name is angelica atropurpurea. As a diaphoretic, or agent to increase perspiration, it is best administered hot before the recipient goes to bed.
Magically, angelica is used for healing and is often used in conjunction with vervain (verbena officinalis), feverfew (pyrethum parthenium), and betony (betonica officinalis). Angelica leaves hung about the neck are said to protect the wearer from evil spells and conjurations. It featured in early Nordic magic, and was used as a charm to be worn as a protection against the plague, in the fifteenth century.
a genus of perennial or biennial plants of the Umbelliferae family.
Angelicas are large herbs with fistular stems and bipinnate or tripinnate leaves. The petals are mostly white. The fruits are flattened at the back and have alar border ribs. There are about 50 (according to other data, up to 80) species in the northern hemisphere and New Zealand. There are 17 species in the USSR, primarily in the Far East. The most common is the wild angelica (A. sylvestris), which grows in forests, glades, and thickets. The young plants are eaten by cattle. The plants are suitable for silage. The fruits contain coumarins.