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see maddermadder,
common name for the Rubiaceae, a family of chiefly tropical and subtropical trees, shrubs, and herbs, especially abundant in N South America. The family is important economically for several tropical crops, e.g., coffee, quinine, and ipecac, and for many ornamentals, e.g.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of evergreen and some deciduous shrubs or small trees of the Rubiaceae family. The flowers are individual, large, and fragrant with five to nine white, yellow, or violet petals. The fruit is a berry. There are about 250 species in tropical and subtropical Asia, as well as in tropical and southern Africa. Many species are used for decoration. The most widely cultivated—for example, on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus—is the Gardenia jas-miniodes (G. florida, G. radicans), which has white flowers. Double-blossom types may reach a diameter of 10 cm and are used for cut flowers. In horticulture this type is sometimes known as cape jasmine. Certain species, such as G. latifolia, have heavy, hard wood suitable for working. The buds and young shoots of G. campanulata and G. gummifera produce resinous substances.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. any evergreen shrub or tree of the Old World tropical rubiaceous genus Gardenia, cultivated for their large fragrant waxlike typically white flowers
2. the flower of any of these shrubs
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Williams, "Callus induction and adventitious shoot regeneration of gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides Ellis) leaf explants," Scientia Horticulturae, vol.
In addition, the research indicated that gardenia raised on Minami-Daito Island contains more active ingredients that promote the generation of glutathione.
This soft-bodied, six-legged critter, Coccus viridis, feeds on gardenia, citrus, and a host of other plants--including its namesake, coffee.
The award-winning Gardenia is one of three innovative and contemporary floor plans in the neighborhood specially designed by Bloodgood and Neal to bring the outdoors in.
Because it is generally ten degrees warmer right inside a window than it is outdoors, place your hardier plants nearest the window during a mild winter and warmer exotics, such as gardenia, a foot or two back from the edge.
Families residing in Noida's Sector-75 Gardenia Gateway were served with bank notices to vacate their houses by August 20, after builder -- Manoj Rai -- failed to pay the loan reportedly taken in 2015.
Gardenia on Tuesday opened its new fully automated facility here that can produce up to 400,000 loaves and buns a day.
Leading bread manufacturer Gardenia Bakeries targets to cash in close to P8 billion worth of sales this year as the company inaugurated its most advanced breadmaking facility yet.
Gardenia Bakeries, the country's largest bread manufacturer, will ramp up production of low priced-loaves to 40 percent of production in three years under the Neubake brand to meet the faster growth for this product but good quality bread as the firm targets 25 percent increase in sales this year to P8.2 billion from P6.6 billion last year.