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see maddermadder,
common name for the Rubiaceae, a family of chiefly tropical and subtropical trees, shrubs, and herbs, especially abundant in N South America. The family is important economically for several tropical crops, e.g., coffee, quinine, and ipecac, and for many ornamentals, e.g.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of evergreen and some deciduous shrubs or small trees of the Rubiaceae family. The flowers are individual, large, and fragrant with five to nine white, yellow, or violet petals. The fruit is a berry. There are about 250 species in tropical and subtropical Asia, as well as in tropical and southern Africa. Many species are used for decoration. The most widely cultivated—for example, on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus—is the Gardenia jas-miniodes (G. florida, G. radicans), which has white flowers. Double-blossom types may reach a diameter of 10 cm and are used for cut flowers. In horticulture this type is sometimes known as cape jasmine. Certain species, such as G. latifolia, have heavy, hard wood suitable for working. The buds and young shoots of G. campanulata and G. gummifera produce resinous substances.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. any evergreen shrub or tree of the Old World tropical rubiaceous genus Gardenia, cultivated for their large fragrant waxlike typically white flowers
2. the flower of any of these shrubs
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Gardenias are also not keen on the high mineral content of tap water so need to be watered either with rain water or with cooled boiled water to stay at their best.
Clara Gardenia, empero, no necesita ni al amante devoto de antano--a quien puede ver en todo su fracaso politico--ni tampoco necesita las gardenias, ni necesita a nadie.
mainland, you may soon be able to buy a potted gardenia or gardenia corsage shipped fresh from lush, tropical plant nurseries of the Hawaiian Islands.
The Cancun restaurant is the sixth such establishment run by Cubanacan subsidiary Palmeras; other Dos Gardenias outlets are located in Italy, Portugal and Spain.
Q CAN you tell me why the buds on my gardenia are dropping off?
In the war, with vital industries mobilized and all others marginalized, there was a pitched campaign to cozy up to engineering, to repackage the gentleman aesthete as a "technical planning professional." One architect recorded this sentiment memorably in a 1942 sketch, captioned with this call-to-arms: "Let's throw the silk hat and the gardenia in the wastebasket and beat hell out of everyb ody!"
If roses are too cliched for your taste, try other fragrant shrubs, such as azalea, summersweet, lilac, or gardenia shrubs.
A: It is extremely difficult to get gardenias to flower in a normal household atmosphere because they need extremely high humidity - around 80 pc.
Stick with begonias, crape myrtles, gardenias, geraniums, honeysuckle, impatiens, marigolds, petunias, roses, and zinnia, all of which are considered safe.
To avoid infestations, shipments of fragrant, creamy-white gardenias from Hawaii to the U.S.
The double parlors were filled with gardenias from the bride's home, and Karen Rose of New Orleans provided classical violin music.