garfish(redirected from garfishes)
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member of the family Lepisosteidae, freshwater fishes found in the warmer rivers and lakes of the S United States, Central America, Mexico, and the West Indies. Gars are highly predacious and destroy many useful fish.
..... Click the link for more information. ; needlefishneedlefish,
common name for members of the family Belonidae, which comprises species of elongated, surface-swimming predaceous fish abundant in warm seas. They have beaklike jaws armed with sharp teeth, giving them a superficial resemblance to the gar; some needlefishes reach a
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(Belone belone), also European garfish or European needlefish, a fish of the family Belonidae. The body reaches a length of 90 cm and a weight of 1 kg. The garfish is distributed in the temperately warm coastal waters of Europe and North Africa; it is found in the Baltic, North, Mediterranean, and Black seas. A predatory school fish, it feeds principally on small fishes. The garfish spawns in the littoral zone. Its roe are equipped with sticky filaments for attachment to algae and marine grasses. The fish’s commercial value is slight. The Russian name for the garfish—sargan—is sometimes used to designate other members of the family Belonidae.
REFERENCESSvetovidov, A. N. Ryby Chernogo moria. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.