garrotte

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garrotte

, garrote, garotte
1. a Spanish method of execution by strangulation or by breaking the neck
2. the device, usually an iron collar, used in such executions
3. Obsolete strangulation of one's victim while committing robbery
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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One Victorian periodical, Notes and Queries, traced strangulation back to the criminal activities of 17th-century street rogues, while the Oxford English Dictionary provides an example from 1622 of the use of the word garotting:
The garotting panics came in two main waves; the first started in the early 1850s and peaked in 1856, the second took hold in 1862 and diminished after 1863.
'Putting the hug on', as garotting was known in rough slang, was brutally suppressed after a leading Member of Parliament was attacked.
TWO thugs were each jailed for four years after garotting a cabbie and leaving him dead for the sake of a pounds 2.50 fare.
In 1856 and 1862 garotting scares occurred in London, with more than a passing resemblance to the Monster phenomenon.
An underlying reason for the garotting scares was fear of working-class indiscipline and social insubordination, and a widespread concern that convicted prisoners were treated too leniently.
Squeamish moments will include the murderer finishing off one victim by burying him alive and killing a woman by tying her to a swing and garotting her with cheese wire.