garter snake


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garter snake,

harmless snakesnake,
common name for an elongated, limbless reptile of the order Squamata, which also includes the xlizards. Most snakes live on the ground, but some are burrowers, arboreal, or aquatic; one group is exclusively marine. In temperate climates they hibernate.
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 of the genus Thamnophis, abundant from Canada to Central America. There are many common species; members of most species are about 2 ft (60 cm) long. Most garter snakes are striped or banded lengthwise, and some are spotted between the stripes. Less aquatic as a group than the related water snakes, they are found near water in dry country and are widely distributed in moist regions. They prey on cold-blooded animals, chiefly frogs, toads, small fish, and earthworms. Females bear live young in large litters, sometimes numbering 50 or more. The common garter snake of the NE United States, Thamnophis sirtalis, varies in color and pattern but is usually blackish or brownish with three yellow stripes. The ribbon snake, T. sauritus, is a very slender garter snake that prefers wet places. Garter snakes are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Reptilia, order Squamata, family Colubridae.
References in periodicals archive ?
When I approached the site where the juncos were directing their attention I found a nest on the ground, containing a junco nestling grasped around the head by a Western Terrestrial Garter Snake approximately 45 cm SVL in size (Fig.
Scaling the heights: thermally driven arboreality in garter snakes. Journal of Thermal Biology, 30, 179-185.
(174) The water transfers could also have devastating impacts for the federal and state threatened giant garter snake., (175)
Experimental evidence for the adaptive evolution of growth rate in the garter snake Thamnophis elegans.
The Common Garter Snake was the 2nd most frequently captured herpetofauna during our study (Table 1).
As simple as this task may seem, it was made considerably more difficult by the family of garter snakes that had taken up residence in the scarecrow's stuffing.
Slugs were abundant in June, but after the garter snakes emerged in their "usual" locations--under the black plastic covers on top of the compost piles--I didn't see any slugs or damage for the remainder of the season.
A similar finding has been reported in garter snakes (Halpern & Kubie, 1984; Kubie & Halpern, 1979).
Evidence for selection on thermoregulation: Effects of temperature on embryo mortality in the garter snake Thamnophis elegans.
"How'd you get those newfangled teeth?" hissed the petite garter snake to the venomous cobra.
This species also serves as a critical food source for the endangered San Francisco garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis tetrataenia).
Distribution: The common garter snake, milk snake, black rat snake, and water snake are common throughout the region.