gasohol


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gasohol,

a gasoline extender made from a mixture of gasolinegasoline
or petrol,
light, volatile mixture of hydrocarbons for use in the internal-combustion engine and as an organic solvent, obtained primarily by fractional distillation and "cracking" of petroleum, but also obtained from natural gas, by destructive distillation
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 (90%) and ethanolethanol
or ethyl alcohol,
CH3CH2OH, a colorless liquid with characteristic odor and taste; commonly called grain alcohol or simply alcohol. Properties

Ethanol is a monohydric primary alcohol. It melts at −117.
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 (10%; often obtained by fermenting agricultural crops or crop wastes) or gasoline (97%) and methanolmethanol,
 methyl alcohol,
or wood alcohol,
CH3OH, a colorless, flammable liquid that is miscible with water in all proportions. Methanol is a monohydric alcohol. It melts at −97.8°C; and boils at 67°C;.
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, or wood alcohol (3%). Gasohol has higher octane, or antiknock, properties than gasoline and burns more slowly, coolly, and completely, resulting in reduced emissions of some pollutants, but it also vaporizes more readily, potentially aggravating ozone pollution in warm weather. Ethanol-based gasohol in which the ethanol is made from corn is expensive and energy intensive to produce, and can damage rubber seals and diaphragms and certain finishes if the ethanol is present in higher concentrations. Since 1998, however, many American automobiles have been equipped to enable them to run on E85, a mixture of 85% ethanol and 15% gasoline. Methanol-based gasohol is also expensive to produce and is toxic and corrosive, and its emissions produce cancer-causing formaldehyde. See also automobileautomobile,
self-propelled vehicle used for travel on land. The term is commonly applied to a four-wheeled vehicle designed to carry two to six passengers and a limited amount of cargo, as contrasted with a truck, which is designed primarily for the transportation of goods and
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.
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gasohol

[′gas·ə‚hȯl]
(materials)
A liquid fuel made from a blend of gasoline and ethanol.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gasohol fuel including E-85 which contain 85% of ethanol respectively was supplied from PTT Public Company Limited.
the swelling index in B5 and gasohol95 is somewhat higher (>1.5) than that in gasohol 91 and E20 (<1.5).
Most commercially made ethanol now comes from corn and the most commonly available gasohol contains 10% corn ethanol (designated E10); much higher mixtures are also made for use in fuel-flexible vehicles.
House Bill 176 amended twenty sections of the code, substituting the term "ethanol blended gasoline" for the term "gasohol," standardized uses of and references to ethanol, and removed reference to the ethanol percentage preferred for state employee vehicle use.
Department of Agriculture, Aquahol is 800% more efficient than gasohol (10% ethanol and 90% gasoline).
Gasohol. A blend of finished motor gasoline containing alcohol (generally ethanol but sometimes methanol) at a concentration of 10 percent or less by volume.
* TPU performed very well in all of the non-polar fluids, but showed major losses of physical properties in polar fluids (gasohol and antifreeze).
Approximately 99% of fuel ethanol consumed in the United States is "gasohol" (1) or "E10" (blends of gasoline with up to 10% ethanol).
Enzymes from other microbes could ferment plant cells into "gasohol," an alternative fuel source.
Both men were part of the political scene back when President Jimmy Carter put on a sweater, turned down the thermostat, and tried to coax the nation to a future of gasohol and shale-derived oil.
The energy crisis of the 1970s and the need to support home-grown solutions such as ethanol and gasohol. Senator Geo-Karis strongly believes immigrants should naturalize and vote: "Once you're a citizen," she says, "you have a precious right to vote, and it must be used."
The Bangkok Post recently reported that Shell Thailand is looking to boost sales of gasohol by promising to pay for any repairs on cars that break down as a result of using the fuel.