gastrocnemius

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gastrocnemius

[ga‚sträk′nē·mē·əs]
(anatomy)
A large muscle of the posterior aspect of the leg, arising by two heads from the posterior surfaces of the lateral and medial condyles of the femur, and inserted with the soleus muscle into the calcaneal tendon, and through this into the back of the calcaneus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Exercise can induce increases in HSP70 in the lung, kidney and heart, and in the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles, probably due to systemic alterations such as hypoxia, increase in temperature and the production of free radicals.
The superficial posterior compartment contains the soleus, plantaris, and gastrocnemius muscles and the sural nerve.
1997): Morphological analysis of the human tibialis anterior and medial gastrocnemius muscles.
Sections were cut from biopsy material taken from the gastrocnemius muscles of nephrectomized and control rats.
Experimental evidence in soleus and gastrocnemius muscles indicates that nerve sprouts begin to appear approximately 10 days after neuromuscular blockade and that most nerve terminals demonstrate sprouting after 3 weeks.
In experiment 1, bipolar surface electrodes (Ambu, Balerup, Denmark; diameter, 10 mm; center-to-center distance, 20 mm) were placed over the rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, biceps femoris, tibialis anterior, soleus, and medial gastrocnemius muscles of the right leg.
The gastrocnemius muscles also cross the knee joint and help avoid load bearing in hyperextension.
Procedure for performing eccentric contractions on rat gastrocnemius muscles