gastroenteritis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

gastroenteritis:

see enteritisenteritis
, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Acute enteritis is not usually serious except in infants and older people, in whom the accompanying diarrhea can cause dehydration through the loss of fluids.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Gastroenteritis

 

an inflammatory disease of the stomach and small intestine.

In man, gastroenteritis develops as a result of food poisoning, bacterial infection, poor water, diseases (influenza, pneumonia, measles, sepsis), and poisoning by heavy metals, acids, alkalies, and mercury compounds. It occurs in acute and chronic forms. It is also frequently accompanied by affection of the large intestine (gastroenterocolitis). Medical treatment in acute gastroenteritis involves irrigation of the stomach by means of a probe or, alternatively, by an ordinary drink followed by induced vomiting. Hot-water bottles may be applied to the legs, and medicinal therapy is useful in regulating the secretory functions of the stomach and intestine. Treatment in chronic gastroenteritis may include long-term dietotherapy, strict observance of a diet, and medicinal therapy.

REFERENCE

Lorie, I. F. Bolezni kishechnika. Moscow, 1957.

I. S. SAVOSHCHENKO

In animals, gastroenteritis is observed in the form of catarrhal, croupous, diphtheritic, hemorrhagic, and phlegmonous inflammations. It is caused by spoiled feeds and acrid chemical and vegetable poisons, and, secondarily, by certain infectious diseases, such as anthrax, pasteurellosis, paratyphoid, plague, and swine erysipelas. Gastroenteritis is manifested by severe depression, weakness, and the excretion of watery feces with an unpleasant odor, mucus, fibrin pellicles, and blood. Colic and elevated temperature are also possible. Medical treatment entails irrigation of the stomach, as well as internal medication, such as laxatives, astringents, disinfectant and bacteriostatic compounds, mucous decoctions, and cardiac agents. Prophylaxis aims at the maintenance of the zoohygienic requirements of animal nutrition.

N. M. PREOBRAZHENSKII

gastroenteritis

[¦ga·strō‚ent·ə′rīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the mucosa of the stomach and intestine.

gastroenteritis

inflammation of the stomach and intestines
References in periodicals archive ?
A review of eosinophilic gastroenteritis. Journal of Natl Med Assoc 2006;98:1616-9.
Due to the significant burden of acute gastroenteritis, the study has already received ample interest from the media and public in Canada.
Gastroenteritis is an infection of the stomach and bowel.
A palace spokeswoman said on Friday: "The Queen will no longer visit Swansea tomorrow as she is experiencing symptoms of gastroenteritis.
"In our experience, simultaneous testing for multiple GI pathogens during routine clinical testing and outbreak investigations enhances our diagnostic capabilities and public health laboratory efficiency," said Sanjib Bhattacharyya, Ph.D., deputy laboratory director at the Milwaukee, Wis., Health Department." Routine use of xTAG GPP will allow cost-effective, timely detection of multiple pathogens, optimize use of laboratory resources, and elevate our understanding of pathogen-associated diseases in gastroenteritis."
The most common symptoms of gastroenteritis are the aforementioned diarrhoea, along with nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps, headaches and a high temperature.
difficile-related gastroenteritis deaths, most of these were in the elderly.
Teresa de Guzman said there was a 21-percent increase this year with 6,695 cases compared to last year's 5,533 acute gastroenteritis victims.
'The area is prone to water-borne ailments, including diarrhoea and gastroenteritis, from the past several years and we are working to cope with the situation,' KP Director-General Health Services Dr Arshad Ahmed Khan said in a statement on Friday.
The associated symptoms with gastroenteritis are diarrhea, stomach cramps, vomiting, nausea, fever and headache.
TULSA Cherokee Nation Assurance is partnering with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Division of Viral Diseases, Viral Gastroenteritis Branch, to assist in its mission to prevent illness, disability and death through disease control and immunizations.