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Related to gathering: Food gathering


a. the formation of pus in a boil
b. the pus so formed



a form of economic activity whereby man collects for his consumption wild edible roots, fruits, berries, honey, mol-lusks, insects, and other foods. Gathering still characterizes the economy of certain Indian tribes in the tropical areas of South America and of a small number of Australian aborigines.

In the first phase of the primitive communal system, gathering, hunting, and often fishing constituted an appropriative economy, in which edibles found in ready form in nature were used as food. In the second phase, the economy was based on production, and the quantity of natural products increased as a result of man’s activity. Labor was divided between the sexes, with gathering usually relegated to the female. Special implements were used in the most primitive forms of gathering. Many primitive tribes dug roots with a digging stick, which was smoothed with a hone, ending in a sharpened and singed point. The Tasmanians used a wooden scoop to scrape mollusks off rocks.

The gathering of vegetation was sometimes part of a more complex process. For example, some tribes set fire to the grass just before the rainy season to induce more abundant growth. Wild plants were sometimes artificially irrigated. The further development of the gathering of wild plants led to the rise of hoe farming, although, for many peoples, gathering continued to be very important even after farming and stock raising had become established, as exemplified by the gathering of wild rice by the North American Indians in the Great Lakes region and the gathering of snails by the peoples of West Africa. Gathering later became a secondary industry, although it sometimes remained an important source of food, as with the gathering of mushrooms, fruits, berries, and nuts.



A transition between two sections (as in a chimney, flue, or duct) which have different areas.
References in classic literature ?
It was often his delight, after his school was dismissed in the afternoon, to stretch himself on the rich bed of clover bordering the little brook that whimpered by his school-house, and there con over old Mather's direful tales, until the gathering dusk of evening made the printed page a mere mist before his eyes.
And so the cattle butchers declared a new strike on the spot; and gathering their members from the other plants, where the same trick had been played, they marched down Packers' Avenue, which was thronged with a dense mass of workers, cheering wildly.
There was a great gathering at dinner, and, as usual, one heard all sorts of languages.
The basin was refilled, and this time he stood over it a little while, gathering resolution; took in a big breath and began.
There were thick gathering clouds in the sky, but she took no note of them save to be glad that she could raise her sunshade.
When I had gone from the shadow of the Ghost Mountain, Umslopogaas summoned a gathering of all his headmen, and told them it was his desire that the People of the Axe should no longer be a little people; that they should grow great and number their cattle by tens of thousands.
As he went down into the great orchard, he did not see Dolius, nor any of his sons nor of the other bondsmen, for they were all gathering thorns to make a fence for the vineyard, at the place where the old man had told them; he therefore found his father alone, hoeing a vine.
Hetty got quite out of patience, and at last, with a frown and pout, and gathering tears, she said, "Oh dear, Aunt, I wish you'd speak to Totty; she keeps putting her legs up so, and messing my frock.
Then Achilles gave a loud cry and his mother heard him as she was sitting in the depths of the sea by the old man her father, whereon she screamed, and all the goddesses daughters of Nereus that dwelt at the bottom of the sea, came gathering round her.
Out in the fields he could see still other women hoeing, weeding, or gathering.
In gales of laughter, intermingled with half-genuine cries of alarm as almost his teeth caught her toes, she always concluded by gathering him into her arms and laughing the last of her laughter away into his flattened ears of joy and love.
A NEGRO in a boat, gathering driftwood, saw a sleeping Alligator, and, thinking it was a log, fell to estimating the number of shingles it would make for his new cabin.