gathering


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Related to gathering: Food gathering

gathering

Pathol
a. the formation of pus in a boil
b. the pus so formed
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gathering

 

a form of economic activity whereby man collects for his consumption wild edible roots, fruits, berries, honey, mol-lusks, insects, and other foods. Gathering still characterizes the economy of certain Indian tribes in the tropical areas of South America and of a small number of Australian aborigines.

In the first phase of the primitive communal system, gathering, hunting, and often fishing constituted an appropriative economy, in which edibles found in ready form in nature were used as food. In the second phase, the economy was based on production, and the quantity of natural products increased as a result of man’s activity. Labor was divided between the sexes, with gathering usually relegated to the female. Special implements were used in the most primitive forms of gathering. Many primitive tribes dug roots with a digging stick, which was smoothed with a hone, ending in a sharpened and singed point. The Tasmanians used a wooden scoop to scrape mollusks off rocks.

The gathering of vegetation was sometimes part of a more complex process. For example, some tribes set fire to the grass just before the rainy season to induce more abundant growth. Wild plants were sometimes artificially irrigated. The further development of the gathering of wild plants led to the rise of hoe farming, although, for many peoples, gathering continued to be very important even after farming and stock raising had become established, as exemplified by the gathering of wild rice by the North American Indians in the Great Lakes region and the gathering of snails by the peoples of West Africa. Gathering later became a secondary industry, although it sometimes remained an important source of food, as with the gathering of mushrooms, fruits, berries, and nuts.

A. I. PERSHITS

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

gathering

A transition between two sections (as in a chimney, flue, or duct) which have different areas.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association (Adhoc) has asked the Interior Ministry to investigate allegations that local authorities are violating ministry guidelines that allow communities and organisations to hold gatherings.
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The merger of EQM and RMP creates significant operational efficiencies through the optimized buildout of gathering and header pipeline systems to service the combined EQT and legacy Rice Energy acreage footprint.
We would be gathering to raise voice for the rights of Pakhutun on Ring Road on Sunday.
Dr Sattar said that he has started the election campaign with the foundation day gathering and added that the party will commence the organizational campaign from April 2.
7 March 2018 - Texas, US-based gathering and reclamation services provider Ace Gathering Holdings, LLC has completed its acquisition of Texas, US-based crude oil reclamation services provider Recoil Energy Systems, LLC to support Ace's growth throughout Texas and surrounding states, the company said.
When contacted, the Police Public Relation Officer, PPRO, ASP Moses Yamu who confirmed the report said that the command received report that some cult members were gathering around Wadataa and security men were promptly drafted to the area.