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double consonants.

(1) Consonants in the articulation of which there occurs a delay in breaking (for example, Russian t in ottogo or d in poddal).

(2) Two identical consonants in the body of a word (for example, Russian vanna; French immense; and Italian femmina).

References in periodicals archive ?
It is added only after a singular participle (M or F); -n is geminate before a vowel, single before a consonant: (4)
Syllable structure versus segmental phonotatics: geminates and clusters in italian revisited.
Similarly, Van Haitsma (1976) describes geminate cluster reduction for the related San Juan El Paraiso Mixe and affirms that word-initially underlying geminates resulting form prefixing of the person markers n- and m- are longer in duration than single consonants.
Careful analysis of the data shows that consonant deletion will occur when there is a geminate consonant.
If we asume that syllable structure is erected on the skeletal tier, then the reduction rule operating in the--cvcV context will apply in [malak+im] but block in [sapp+ir], because the skeletal c--slot forming the first half of the geminate closes the syllable in exactly the same way as the c--slot associated with the first consonant of the [lg] clusters in [galgal+im] does.
Once such geminates are followed by a plosive in the onset, they are simplified to a single segment (cf.
If we assume, for the moment, that rates are similar between Nucella and the tropical geminates, the implication is that either the fossil record of Nucella has been misinterpreted, or the geminates were isolated prior to 3.
Such identical consonants or geminates are attested to be phonemic in some languages like Italian, e.
In Hindko if a short vowel occurs in CVC form the following consonant geminates such as CVCC (e.
5) Nevertheless, while geminates may in some cases derive historically from reduplication, (6) there are many instances where the origin of gemination is to be sought elsewhere.
Despite the fact that the eggs from Pacific species within any given pairing were smaller than their Atlantic geminates, there was no common egg size for a given ocean; rather, in all cases egg sizes of closely related animals were more similar than those of distantly related ones.