Children an adolescent with gender identity disorder
referred to a pediatric medical center.
(224) However, the amici asserted, as they did in a previously filed brief, (225) that this is because Gender Dysphoria is not a "gender identity disorder
" at all; instead, it is a separate, "new and different diagnosis that does not fall within the letter or spirit of the GID Exclusion." (226) Amici noted that the GID Exclusion prohibits coverage for certain "gender identity disorders
" but says nothing of Gender Dysphoria.
The Bureau of Prisons' current policy regarding treatment of transgender prisoners states that prisoners who assert having gender identity disorder
will have access to medical and mental health professionals trained in accordance with the DSM and approved standards of care.
Removing gender identity disorder
from the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: A call for action.
Making gender identity disorder
of childhood: Historical lessons for contemporary debates.
In the DSM-5, gender dysphoria "refers to the distress that may accompany the incongruence between one's experienced or expressed gender and one's assigned gender." (39) In children, the distress "is associated with clinically significant distress or impairment in social, school, or other important areas of functioning," and among adults the distress "is associated with clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational or other important areas of functioning." (40) The distress those with gender dysphoria experience "is more descriptive" than gender identity disorder
was in the DSM-IV and "focuses on dysphoria as the clinical problem, not identity per se." (41)
When Shindo consulted a psychiatrist, she was diagnosed with gender identity disorder
. At the same time, the psychologist gave her the following advice: "If life is completely miserable then perhaps (one may consider it), but you are shining bright and at your best right now.
Navy Captain David Moulton, a psychiatrist who spent 21 hours interviewing Manning at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, after his arrest, testified as a defence witness that his gender identity disorder
, combined with narcissistic personality traits, idealism and a lack of friends in Iraq, caused him to conclude he could change the world by leaking classified information.
Manal is diagnosed with gender identity disorder
that is rooted in childhood trauma of sexual abuse by male family members, as well as a conviction that she is a man trapped in a woman's body.
Sentencing Wilson, Lord Bannatyne said he decided not to jail her because she had been diagnosed with gender identity disorder
and accepted that she had not set out to harm the girls.
But according to the American Psychiatric Association, Gorton has a major mental illness: gender identity disorder
. Gorton was raised female, though as early as nursery school he knew he did not feel like a girl.
In 1994, the Subcommittee on Gender Identity Issues replaced the DSM-III-R diagnosis of Transsexualism with the broader diagnosis of Gender Identity Disorder
in the DSM-IV (Meyer et al., 2001).