and Cluster Analysis among Populations
Finally, to assess whether genetic differentiation
follows a pattern of isolation by geographical distance (IBD), the Euclidean geographical distances between populations were obtained through the program ArcGis v.
The genetic differentiation
between groups was estimated by FSTAT (Goudet, 1995).
We did not detect significant genetic differentiation
related to host species when analyzing data from 11 nuclear microsatellite loci and mitochondrial sequence data, which is comparable to findings for the Pacific lineage.
In order to observe the genetic differentiation
in lower Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) region, ABO and Rh blood groups record of nine Pashtun populations, i.
Phenotypic and genetic differentiation
between native and introduced plant populations.
On contrary, the overall sample of mahseer population exhibited higher values of genetic differentiation
However, these analyses included only a small sample from one AP site (Taylor and Hoffman, 2012); also, Peromyscus species typically display lower levels of genetic differentiation
than most mammals (e.
Until now no genetic analyses have been done to determine if the degree of genetic differentiation
of Harvey Lake from other Isle Royale populations might support Hubbs and Lagler's subspecies hypothesis largely due to the inaccessibility of the island lakes and the difficult logistics of ichtyofaunal survey on Isle Royale.
These data indicate that the collected populations were essentially panmictic, and there was little genetic differentiation
among them, further suggesting that there was high gene flow among the populations.
According to Wright's (1965), F-statistics were observed in fixation index as genetic differentiation
between goat breeds: F- statistics were estimated for statistically differentiated goat breeds and presented in Table 3.