genitive


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Related to genitive: double genitive, accusative

genitive

(jĕn`ĭtĭv) [Lat.,=genetic], in Latin grammar, the casecase,
in language, one of the several possible forms of a given noun, pronoun, or adjective that indicates its grammatical function (see inflection); in inflected languages it is usually indicated by a series of suffixes attached to a stem, as in Latin amicus,
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 typically used to refer to a possessor. The term is used in the grammar of other languages, but the phenomenon referred to may not closely resemble a Latin genitive; thus a Latin genitive will be translated by a number of different cases in Finnish. Such forms in English as his and father's are said to be genitive, or, more often, possessive.
References in periodicals archive ?
Elsewhere, in the paradigms of lexemes such as nominative singular rikaz 'rich' and ambaz 'tooth', the final -o, along with an alternation in the stem shape, serves to discriminate the genitive singular from the nominative singular form, i.e., genitive singular rikko and ambo.
Nominalizations, Double Genitives and Possessives: Evidence for the DP-Hypothesis in Serbian
53-107), contains the following topics: i) In the language of his grammar, Panini presupposes that the students have native-speaker knowledge of common Sanskrit usage, and interpretation rules such as Astadhyayi 1.1.49 sasthi sthaneyoga, which provides the genitive with the technical meaning 'in place of', are invoked only when there is doubt in the relation the genitive case signifies, ii) Since the purpose of language use from a speaker's perspective is that another person understands the meaning the speaker wishes to convey, a speech unit should be caused by a meaning and not vice versa.
To sum up our discussion so far, it appears that while some herb names are clearly compounds (especially noun-noun compounds), the status of many others--in particular of those whose modifiers are adjectives, prepositional phrases or genitive constructions--is questionable.
Genitives of species and subspecies nomina derived from personal names should not be emended.
Patents have become a driving force behind intensive genitive engineering research and every other day new and modified forms of plants and animals are appearing.
For example, buyer is expressed by nominative case as well as by dative case without preposition; seller is expressed by genitive case with preposition as well as nominative case.
For publick Demonstrations of the genitive Embrace.
The Genitive Case in Dutch and German: A Study of Morphosyntactic Change in Codified Languages
Special attention is given to the genitive construction and the NP of characterization.
When epithets of the name-giving taxa occur, they must be in the genitive, if they are declinable.
I am interested in Foucault's definition of the genitive, but not enough to look it up.