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gentrification,the rehabilitation and settlement of decaying urban areas by middle- and high-income people. Beginning in the 1970s and 80s, higher-income professionals, drawn by low-cost housing and easier access to downtown business areas, renovated deteriorating buildings in many cities, reversing what had been an outmigration of upper-income families and individuals from many urban areas. This led to the rebirth of some neighborhoods and a rise in property values, but it also caused displacement problems among poorer residents, many of them elderly and unable to afford higher rents and taxes.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
English term for the process by which young professionals (gentry) buy into inner-city areas as part of a neighborhood preservation trend.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
gentrificationthe renovation and upgrading of buildings, either by programmes of planned urban regeneration or as a result of purchasing decisions made by higher-earning, white-collar, professional and managerial individuals intent on modernizing cheap, dilapidated property in previously unfashionable urban areas. Whether gentrification is planned or unplanned, the poorer sections of the community are often displaced or their needs discounted. The process is also sometimes known as urban recycling.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The upgrading of urban property in a deteriorated area, usually resulting in the dispersal of the current residents and their replacement by a more affluent population.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.