geographic fix

geographic fix

The quantities of latitude and longitude that define the position of a point on the surface of the earth with respect to the spheroid.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
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The geographic fix. In addition to model shifting and/or curtailing savings and expenditures on services, there is a geographic fix to the import duty problem.
"The system will provide an approximation of location, but cannot guarantee an accurate geographic fix," the report said.
"DEPART (fix) HEADING (degrees)." Cross the specified geographic fix, then fly the heading.
In sum, cocaine consumption appears to respond to cocaine price changes, but the range of elasticity estimates is wide, and all except those from the Grossman and Chaloupka (1998) models that include individual fixed effects come from models that fail to control for geographic fixed effects.
Omitting geographic fixed effects entirely doubles the cocaine price elasticity and triples the marijuana arrest rate elasticity while further decreasing the cocaine arrest rate elasticity.
(23) These models exclude geographic fixed effects because state effects are not identified when the state-level price measure is included.
First, caution is advised when interpreting results of similar analyses that do not control for geographic fixed effects.
(3.) As long as respondents do not move, geographic fixed effects drop out of an individual fixed effects model because they are time-invariant.

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