geographical determinism


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geographical determinism

any analytical viewpoint that suggests that different patterns of human culture and social organization are determined by geographical factors such as climate, terrain, etc. The view has a long ancestry stretching back to the ancient Greeks. However, although many social theorists, e.g. MONTESQUIEU, have placed a strong emphasis on the importance of geography most see it as one factor influencing social arrangements, not usually a predetermining one. Compare CULTURAL MATERIALISM, WITTFOGEL.
References in periodicals archive ?
Geographical determinism is as void of moral evaluation and restraint as is economic determinism.
Thus the mechanism of geographical determinism itself is being threatened since the environment is being destroyed.
Wary of endorsing a wholesale regime of genetic and geographical determinism, yet drawn to the magical allure of such belief systems as a defining aspect of the past, Crummey straddles a line between predestination and historical contingency.
McNeill prefaces this book with a quotation from Fernand Braudel about Braudel's passionate love the Mediterranean, which the author evidently shares, just as he shares generally the latter's geographical determinism.
This obviously smacks of geographical determinism (albeit of a nuanced variety), and Morris is also fully aware that some will dislike his resort to 'brute material forces' when explaining the twists and turns of human history.

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