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see antelopeantelope,
name applied to any of a large number of hoofed, ruminant mammals of the cattle family (Bovidae), which also includes the bison, buffalo, sheep, and goats. Found in Africa and Eurasia, they range in size from pygmy antelopes, 12 in.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Litocranius walleri), an even-toed ungulate of the subfamily of true antelopes. The gerenuk has an unusu-ally long thin neck (only 18-25 cm in circumference) and long legs. Body length, approximately 150 cm; tail length, over 20 cm; height at the shoulder, 90-100 cm; weight, 43-50 kg. It is sandy red with white underparts.

The gerenuk is widespread in East Africa, where it lives in desert localities with sparse shrubs and trees. It feeds on tree leaves; it can stand on its hind legs a long time to tear off the leaves. It usually stays in pairs or small groups (six or seven females and one male). The gerenuk can go for long periods without drinking, since it receives adequate moisture from the juice of plant leaves. It is a game animal.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Next day we went out together with the two Italians for a day's stalking, and one of them took a good gerenuk, starting back to Kismayo in the late afternoon.
After an hour or so, one of the trackers made a universal "stop" sign, showing a male gerenuk. I could not see the head, but as they had been trackers of a PH, I had confidence, and shot.
On arrival, Kotte reserved the gerenuk fillets for dinner.
(19) Other heads from the first safari are a Grant's gazelle (Gazella granti rayneyi) and an East African gerenuk or Waller's gazelle (Litocranius walleri).
The bright spots: record-book Grant's gazelle were abundant (Paul and I each shot good ones), as were gerenuk. I shot an old topi for bait, and we enjoyed watching crocodiles on the Omo River.
Most of the typical gazelles (Gazella) live in more arid areas of savannah, together with the remarkable gerenuk (Litocranius walleri), the springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis), and the dibatag (Ammodorcas clarkei).
We saw a male gerenuk and tried to approach it, but soon it was too dark to shoot between the bushes.
to prove that he was not the lion she had hunted for so long who was charged with many offenses and whose huge pug marks, the left hind one scarred, we had followed so many times only, finally to see him going away into tall grass that lead [sic] to the heavy timber of the swamp or to the thick brush of the gerenuk country up by the old Manyatta on the way to the Chyulu hills" (MS 62; see UK 42) This latter sentence, overflowing with detail, not only illustrates Miss Mary's growing frustration over the thwarted chase but gives substance to the lion and documents his elusive nature.