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, gerfalcon
a very large rare falcon, Falco rusticolus, of northern and arctic regions: often used for hunting



(Faleo gyrfalco), a bird of the family Falconidae, order Falconiformes. Body length, 50-60 cm. Male’s weight, up to 1.5 kg; female’s, up to 2 kg. The plumage is gray, or white with gray markings. The gyrfalcon is distributed in Northern Europe, Asia, and North America. It lives on rocky seacoasts and in forest tundra. Gyrfalcon mates stay together for many years. They nest on rocks, steep shores, or high trees. There are three to five brownish eggs with red spots in each clutch, which are incubated mainly by the female for 28-29 days. The young leave the nest at about two months. Gyrfalcons feed mainly on birds that they capture on the wing; more rarely they catch lemmings, voles, and hares. Gyrfalcons were highly prized as hunting birds in falconry. They are scarce everywhere and need to be protected.

References in periodicals archive ?
The likes of Redact and Gold City are worthy foes here, but Gerfalcon arguably has the greater scope to make a seamless transition into Group company.
Horses to follow: Apache, Attracted To You, Bartolomeu, Bridgefield, Earl Of Carrick, Flambeau, Forest Row, Fort Bastion, Gerfalcon, Isabella Gem, Kanaf, Law To Himself, Man Of Action, Markab, Mezmaar, Modun, Mon Visage, Norman Orphan, Palazzo Bianco, Pintura, Red Duke, Sooraah, Swingland, Yair Hill.
The occurrence in line 1434-35 is unique in having a non-human animate subject: Caqan sinqor naran sara qoyar-i ad-qu-n nis-[c]u ire-ju qar deere min-u tuu-ba '[In my dream] a white gerfalcon flew down to me holding the sun and moon [in its claws], and alighted on my hand'.
Chambers's Book of Days observes that "the grade of the hawk-bearer was known also by the bird he bore": a gerfalcon (for a king), a falcon-gentle (for a prince), a falcon of the rock (for a duke), a pere-grine-falcon (for an earl), a merlin (for a lady), a goshawk (for a yeoman), a nobby (for a young man), a kestrel (for the ordinary servingman).
35 Doncaster SP forecast 7-4 Saeed Bin Suroor's colt won nicely on his first two starts over this trip at Leicester and Nottingham and he improved again when upped to Listed class last time at Ripon (6f), coming home a close second behind the potentially smart Gerfalcon.
Brian Meehan's two-year-olds have been in great form, as the recent successes of Most Improved and Gerfalcon prove, and I'm interested in Shark In The Sea making his handicap bow off a perch of 70.