geriatrics

(redirected from Geriatric Medicine)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.

geriatrics

(jĕrēă`trĭks), the branch of medicine concerned with conditions and diseases of the aged. Many disabilities in old age are caused by or related to the deterioration of the circulatory system (see arteriosclerosisarteriosclerosis
, general term for a condition characterized by thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the walls of the blood vessels. These changes are frequently accompanied by accumulations inside the vessel walls of lipids, e.g.
..... Click the link for more information.
), e.g., mental deterioration and disturbances of motor and sensory function are often associated with an insufficient blood supply. Older persons are more prone to gastrointestinal disturbances, partly because of a reduced blood supply to the gastrointestinal tract and partly for other reasons, such as poor dentition. Changes in bone tissue, primarily osteoporosisosteoporosis
, disorder in which the normal replenishment of old bone tissue is severely disrupted, resulting in weakened bones and increased risk of fracture; osteopenia results when bone-mass loss is significant but not as severe as in osteoporosis.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in postmenopausal women, create susceptibility to fractures. There may also be diminished pulmonary function due to degenerative changes in the lungs. Elderly males may suffer from prostatic enlargement (see prostate glandprostate gland,
gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It is an organ about the size of a chestnut and consists of glandular and muscular tissue. It is situated below the neck of the bladder, encircling the urethra.
..... Click the link for more information.
), often accompanied by urinary obstruction. Obesityobesity,
condition resulting from excessive storage of fat in the body. Obesity is now usually defined using a formula known as the body mass index (BMI), in which weight (in kilograms) is divided by height (in meters) squared.
..... Click the link for more information.
, causing increased strain on the heart and blood vessels, is also a serious problem of the aged.

The exact cause of agingaging,
in biology, cumulative changes in an organism, organ, tissue, or cell leading to a decrease in functional capacity. In humans, aging is associated with degenerative changes in the skin, bones, heart, blood vessels, lungs, nerves, and other organs and tissues.
..... Click the link for more information.
 is unknown, but genetic factors are known to influence longevity. Moreover, it is believed that highly reactive substances called free radicals can cause cumulative damage to body cells and tissues, and that aging cells are more susceptible to malignant changes. These factors have made geriatrics an important specialty, particularly since the proportion of elderly persons in the population is increasing steadily. Geriatrics is one of the fields included in the general study of old age, or gerontology, which covers psychological, economic, and social factors as well. Both public and private institutions are spending large sums of money for research in geriatrics and gerontology.

Bibliography

See R. Andres et al., ed., Principles of Geriatric Medicine (1985); W. Cunningham and J. Brookbank, Gerontology (1987); L. Hayflick, How and Why We Age (1994); J. Carter, The Virtues of Aging (1998).

geriatrics

[‚jer·ē′a·triks]
(medicine)
The study of the biological and physical changes and the diseases of old age.

geriatrics

the branch of medical science concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting elderly people
www.asaging.org
References in periodicals archive ?
In Canada, in order to meet the needs of the growing population of older persons, there are two routes of training: the Geriatric Medicine Residency program (two years following the core internal medicine three-year program) and Care of the Elderly program (one year following the two-year family medicine program).
The geriatric medicine is recognized as a separate specialty in the world but in Army Medical Corps no doctor is specifically trained in the field of geriatric medicine.
She is widely regarded as the founder of geriatric medicine as a distinct service in the UK and was granted a CBE for her work in the field of geriatric medicine.
Geriatric medicine specialists need to know how to integrate advanced practice professionals, social workers, pharmacists, and others into the practice team, Dr.
She said: "Universities across the country are facing difficulty in recruiting to chairs in geriatric medicine because there is only a very small number of people with the combination of the high quality of teaching, research and clinical expertise in geriatrics which is required.
He said: "I hope to carry on furthering research in the geriatric medicine department at the hospital and have a special interest in orthogeriatrics."
He is board certified in family practice with a CAQ in geriatric medicine and also certified by the American Board of Quality Assurance and Utilization Review Physicians (ABQAURP) with subspecialty certification in managed care.
It could be said that geriatric medicine exists to manage that mixed blessing, when the needs of an elderly patient begin to exceed the routine skills and focuses of a general practioner or family doctor.
Written to supply information "directly applicable to the daily care of patients," the title covers such topics as family medicine and primary care, internal medicine and ontology, pediatric and adolescent health, sexual medicine, geriatric medicine, nutrition, sports medicine, public health, social medicine, and basic science.
Organised by the Department of Geriatric Medicine, the Dignity and Older Europeans meeting on December 2 and 3 will call for a public debate on how much dignity older people are treated with.
Professor Alan Sinclair, who specialises in geriatric medicine and diabetes, and is also an honorary professor of medicine at the University of Warwick, received the recognition at a ceremony in Madrid.
The Markets in Geriatric Medicine study finds that the growing number of elderly and the improvements in early detection and treatment will expand the total available market for RA therapeutics by nearly $15 billion over the next decade.

Full browser ?