Malpighian Layer

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Related to germinative layer: germinative layer of epidermis, stratum malpighii

Malpighian layer

[mal′pig·ē·ən ‚lā·ər]
The germinative layer of the epidermis.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Malpighian Layer


(also stratum germinativum), the innermost layer of the epithelial part of the skin. It consists of several rows of cells principally polyhedral in shape (the prickle cell layer) and a row of cells of prismatic shape that lie on the basal membrane (the basal layer). It was thought that the cells of the Malpighian layer were joined to each other by intercellular bridges; however, electron-microscope research has shown that there are slitlike spaces between the protuberances of neighboring cells. Replacement of the constantly dying surface cells of the epidermis is accomplished by division of the cells of the Malpighian layer.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.