Gill Fungus


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gill Fungus

 

any one of a large group of basidiomycetous mushroom. Gill fungi have a lamellar hymenophore—radially distributed bladelike processes with a hymenium—on the lower side of the cap. The fruiting bodies of most gill fungi are annual and fleshy; less frequently, they are leathery. Some species are edible, including Lactarius deliciosus, Lactarius piperatus, Lactarius torminosus, Russula roseipes, Armillaria mellea, and Psalliota campestris. Toxic gill fungi include Amanita phalloides and Amanita muscaria. Several species destroy live trees and dead wood (A. mellea, Collybia velutipes, and Lentinus lepideus Fr.).

Formerly, all gill fungi were united in the single family Agaricaceae. Many genera have been reclassified and placed in different families, which do not even belong to the same order.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.