hyperplasia

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Related to Gingival hyperplasia: gingivitis

hyperplasia

(hī'pərplā`zhə): see hypertrophyhypertrophy
, enlargement of a tissue or organ of the body resulting from an increase in the size of its cells. Such growth accompanies an increase in the functioning of the tissue. In normal physiology the growth in size of muscles (e.g.
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.

Hyperplasia

 

an increase in the number of structural elements of tissues or organs. In man and animals, hyperplasia is based on the intensified reproduction of cells and the formation of new structures. Hyperplasia is observed in various types of pathological growth of tissues (chronic productive inflammation and tumor), in regeneration, and in hypertrophy. Hyperplasia often carries with it compensating characters. In plants, it may be a local growth of tissues resulting from mitotic or amitotic cell division. It occurs with infection by destructive or pathogenic organisms, during trauma, and under the influence of growth stimulants, pesticides, and other preparations. The result of hyperplasia is the formation of galls, calluses, and warts.

hyperplasia

[‚hī·pər′plā·zhə]
(medicine)
Increase in cell number causing an increase in the size of a tissue or organ.
References in periodicals archive ?
Typical symptoms of RMS include growth retardation, elfin face, gingival hyperplasia, acanthosis nigricans, hypertrichosis and insulin resistance.
Triangular mouth, lip/palate cleft, abnormal uvula, tongue anomalies (macroglossia, ankyloglossia, shortened tongue and bifid tongue) gingival hyperplasia, malocclusion and hypodontia has been reported in RS (3-5).
Gingival hyperplasia or gum status can be scored in three or, better, four grades: grade 0 (normal gum); grade 1 or mild GH (slight overgrowth and thickening of marginal gum, covering up to 1/3 of the crown); grade 2 or moderate GH (moderate gum overgrowth covering 1/2 of the crown), which is the most common form; and grade 3 or severe GH (severe gum overgrowth covering 2/3 of the crown, or affecting all of adhered gum) (12).
Out of the 12.5 lakh sheep and 60,000 goat population, 3.75 lakh sheep and 6000 goats were affected with periodontal disease with gingival hyperplasia were selected for clinical management with either homeopathy or allopathic system of therapy and both the homeopathic medicine tried was Calcarea flour 6x.
Gingival hyperplasia is considered to be a serious adverse effect due to its unaesthetic appearance and also due to its various complications like gingival bleeding, pain, teeth displacement and periodontal disease.
Clinical manifestations of CD include the presence of aphthous ulcerations, gingival hyperplasia, diffuse gingival swelling, xerostomia, mucosal hyperplasia, cobblestoning of buccal mucosa, mucosal tags, fissuring cheilitis, OFG and orofacial CD.
Key Words: Autosomal recessive disease, Gingival hyperplasia, Nodular swellings, Chondroid cells, Juvenile hyaline fibromatosis
Mutation of this gene protein disrupt the formation of basement membranes, allowing the hyaline substance to leak through and build up in various body tissues like skin, joints, and bones leads to development of skin pappules, gingival hyperplasia, osteolytic lesions in bones, and joint contractures.
Relationship between gingival hyperplasia and class II histocompatibility antigens in renal transplant recipients.