gingivitis


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Related to gingivitis: periodontitis

gingivitis

(jĭn'jəvī`tĭs), inflammation of the gums. It may be acute, subacute, chronic, or recurrent. The gums usually become red, swollen, and spongy, and bleed easily. Chronic gingivitis is the usual form, resulting from irritating bacteria or debris, food impaction, or poor dental restoration. It can also accompany vitamin C deficiency or metabolic disturbances such as diabetes. If left untreated, it can lead to the more serious pyorrheapyorrhea
, inflammation and degeneration of the gums and other tissues surrounding the teeth. The onset of the disease is marked by bleeding of the gums. As the disease proceeds, the gums recede from the teeth, loosening of the teeth occurs, and the bone supporting the teeth is
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, with gum destruction and loosening of teeth. Trench mouthtrench mouth,
common term for Vincent's infection, an ulcerative membranous infection of the gums and mouth, by noncontagious infection, associated with a fusiform bacillus and a spirochete.
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, an ulcerative infection of the gums and mouth, is sometimes referred to as a form of gingivitis.

Gingivitis

 

a disease of the gums characterized by inflammation, dystrophy, and so on.

Gingivitis may develop from the action of unfavorable external factors on the gum tissues (intoxication with lead, manganese, bismuth, or other toxins), but may also be a manifestation of the irritation of the body’s local or general reactivity. Under the action of harmful factors on the mucous membrane of the gum, first the gingival papilla and then neighboring portions of the mucosa become inflamed. Bleeding and soreness of the gums appears. With prolonged action of harmful factors, a destructive process may develop—the formation of ulcers or erosions on the gingival mucosa. When necrotic sections appear as a result of intoxication, the general condition of the body declines, body temperature rises, and the patient suffers from headache, weakness, excessive perspiration, insomnia, and a putrid odor from the mouth. Gingivitis has a tendency toward frequent exacerbations, which arise simultaneously with the aggravation of any disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Treatment is directed toward removing the basic disease and harmful factors. Gingivitis can be prevented by cleaning the teeth without fail, systematic removal of dental plaque, and timely treatment of the teeth and the mucosa of the oral cavity.

REFERENCE

Rukovodstvo po terapevticheskoi stomatologii. Edited by A. I. Evdokimov. Moscow, 1967.

V. N. ISAEV

gingivitis

[‚jin·jə′vīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the gingiva.

gingivitis

inflammation of the gums
References in periodicals archive ?
2 brand in the category according to Information Resources Inc., also promises multiple benefits with its dental rinses, including protection from plaque and gingivitis. The line also includes a rinse called Enamel Shield, which promises to rebuild enamel and protect teeth from cavities.
There was no significant difference in the dental caries or plaque gingivitis score and index between the different groups of educational disability.
"We discovered DNA-based proof that the bacteria causing gingivitis can move from the mouth to the brain," said researcher Piotr Mydel, Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen (UiB).
Gingivitis occurs when plaque begins to buildup in-between teeth, resulting in bacterial growth in the mouth.
One advancement in mechanical dental plaque removal for gingivitis prevention is the use of rechargeable electric toothbrushes, which have been shown to reduce plaque accumulation more effectively than manual toothbrushes.
The results showed that 27.3% patients had poor oral hygiene (PS >60%; mean anti-CCP 84.22 +- 167.51 Unit/ml), 52.3% had generalized gingivitis (mean anti-CCP 145.07 +- 269.17 Unit/ml), and 20.5% had mean CAL of >3mm (mean anti-CCP 56.81 +- 119.02 Unit/ml).
Rizk said, Friday, in a statement that the delegation is equipped with modern equipment and technologies in the field of early detection of oral, gingivitis and cancer diseases in general, pointing out that the 16 member delegation will provide medical services in the field of cancer diseases.
According to the maker, 99 percent of gingivitis patients showed reduced periodontal bleeding and inflammation in eight weeks after using the new toothpaste.