ligament

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ligament

(lĭg`əmənt), strong band of white fibrous connective tissueconnective tissue,
supportive tissue widely distributed in the body, characterized by large amounts of intercellular substance and relatively few cells. The intercellular material, or matrix, is produced by the cells and gives the tissue its particular character.
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 that joins bones to other bones or to cartilage in the joint areas. The bundles of collagenous fibers that form ligaments tend to be pliable but not elastic. They therefore permit freedom of movement within a certain limited range while holding the attached bones firmly in place. For example, the ligaments at the knee limit the movement of the lower leg to a certain range. Other types of ligaments form fibrous sheets that support such internal organs as the kidneys and the spleen.

Ligament

A strong, flexible connective tissue band usually found between two bony prominences. Most ligaments are composed of dense fibrous tissue formed by parallel bundles of collagen fibers. They have a shining white appearance and are pliable, strong, and noncompliant. A second kind of ligament, composed either partly or almost entirely of yellow elastic fibers, is extensible or compliant, thereby allowing the connected bones to move apart. See Connective tissue, Joint (anatomy)

Ligament

 

in man, a dense band or layer of fibrous tissue that connects skeletal bones or individual organs. Ligaments usually are found near joints and perform a variety of functions, depending on the movements in the joint. Joint capsules are strengthened by reinforcing ligaments, limited in their amplitude by inhibiting ligaments, and directed in their movements by directing ligaments. In many joints, ligaments act as passive bands whose attenuation impairs static functions and alters the shape of the corresponding elements of the skeleton. The main blood vessels that nourish bone pass through some ligaments. The microscopic structure of articular ligaments consists of a variety of dense fibrous tissue whose dominant elements are bands of collagenous and elastic fibers.

The term “ligament” is often applied to anatomic formations not associated with joints, for example, the ligaments of visceral organs, which consist of fine double layers of peritoneum.

ligament

[′lig·ə·mənt]
(engineering)
The section of solid material in a tube sheet or shell between adjacent holes.
(histology)
A flexible, dense white fibrous connective tissue joining, and sometimes encapsulating, the articular surfaces of bones.

ligament

Anatomy any one of the bands or sheets of tough fibrous connective tissue that restrict movement in joints, connect various bones or cartilages, support muscles, etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Arthroscopic repair of a humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament lesion.
Labral lesions were associated with anteriosuperior labral fraying, an abnormal superior glenohumeral ligament and increased passive internal rotation range of motion.
Humeral avulsion of glenohumeral ligaments as a cause of anterior shoulder instability.
Williams M, Snyder S, Buford D: The Buford Complex--The "cord-like" middle glenohumeral ligament and absent anterosuperior labrum complex: a normal anatomic variant.
In a type VII lesion, the biceps tendon-superior labrum separation extends anteriorly to involve the middle glenohumeral ligament.
22) The inferior glenohumeral ligament is the primary restraint to excess anterior translation of the humerus with the arm in 90[degrees] abduction and maximal external rotation.
8,15) The major goal of arthroscopy is to assess the anterior glenohumeral ligaments and labrum to determine the major direction of instability.
Arthroscopic findings consistent with rotator interval tears are capsular redundancy between the supraspinatus and subscapularis, biceps tendon fraying, superior glenohumeral ligament tears, and fraying of the superior border of the subscapularis.
8] Amongst 33 patients in our study, superior, middle and inferior glenohumeral ligaments were identified in 12.
7] It is thought that traumatic anterior dislocations usually occur with rupture or avulsion of anterior supports (subscapularis, glenohumeral ligaments, and capsule).
Static stabilizers include the glenoid labrum and glenohumeral ligaments.