glial cell

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glial cell

[′glē·əl ‚sel]
(neuroscience)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caghan Kizil's group at the Center for Regenerative Therapies at TU Dresden (CRTD), has discovered that failure of the so-called glial cells in the brain triggers the epileptic seizures.
But all of the subjects showed a reduced response to mechanical pain when the glial complex was turned off.
"But what we show now is that pain can also be started in these glial cells."
While glial cells help develop and protect neuron function, too many glia cells disturb connectivity between neurons.
They were surprised to find that the cells carrying CD34 turn into glial cells.
"In contrast," he adds, "glial cells, which gather around damaged brain tissue, can proliferate after brain injury." In their study paper, he and his team explain how glial cells form scars that protect the neurons from further injury
Researchers observed greater glial cell activation in the brains of fibromyalgia patients compared with people who did not have fibromyalgia.
GFAP, first described by Amico Bignami [2] is an intracytoplasmic intermediate filament protein specific for the cytoskeleton of glial cells.
The differential diagnoses primarily include lymphovascular malformations, encephalocele, and teratomas; glial heterotopias can be differentiated from other uncommon congenital pharyngeal masses in children with the guidance of radiologic and especially histopathologic examinations.
These are messenger substances produced by the body that act as a kind of brake signal: They prevent the inflammatory activity of the glial cells," explained researcher Andras Bilkei-Gorzo.
The researchers found that myelin basic protein and glial fibrillary acidic protein levels were elevated at baseline and through consolidation.