glial cell


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glial cell

[′glē·əl ‚sel]
(neuroscience)
References in periodicals archive ?
sup][22] HE staining showed that there was no significant difference in the number of glial cells in Groups A, PX, GDX, and PX + GDX, indicating that PX or GDX did not lead to an obvious glial cell reaction.
We also directly observed that a cell containing a triangular or irregular-shaped nucleus provides membrane wrappings for the neuronal cell body as in a typical case of myelinating glial cells (Fig.
Glial cells were cultured at 37[degrees]C and 5 % C[O.
Imipramine activates glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor via early growth response gene 1 in astrocytes.
This system, which is similar to the lymphatic system, is overseen by glial cells and is far larger and more comprehensive than other processes that remove waste from the brain, according to a study published online Aug.
2] up-regulation of the Aro-B gene is restricted to glial cell lines, such as the human glial cell line U251-MG (Menuet et al.
One of the most recent studies, published January 12 in Brain, found that glial cells, which support and protect nerve cells, can also play a role in chronic pain.
The study, which suggested that acupuncture protects brain neurons against injury with heroin relapse by promoting brain-derived neurotrophic factor and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor expression, was published in the Neural Regeneration Research.
These cells become activated and glial cell activation plays a key role in the destruction of neurons.
Researchers working with single cells in the laboratory have discovered that astrocytes, a type of glial cell, are involved in the formation of long-term memories.
Jill James, a professor of pediatrics at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, and her colleagues report that the neuronal and glial cell toxicity of methylmercury and ethylmercury (as dosed via thimerosal) are both mediated by the depletion of the antioxidant peptide glutathione.
These investigators grew embryonic stem cells in culture and added factors to encourage these cells to develop into oligodendrocytes, the type of glial cell responsible for making the myelin sheath that coats axons in the central nervous system (CNS).