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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(puffers), a family of fish of the order Plectognathi (or Tetraodontiformes). The fused jaw bones form plates that resemble four teeth. The skin is covered with spines or is naked. The pelvic fins are absent, and the pectoral fins are well developed, allowing the Tetraodontidae to move backward as well as forward. The stomach has saclike outgrowths that, when filled with air or water, make the fish resemble prickly balls.

The family comprises 19 genera, with more than 90 species. The Tetraodontidae are distributed in subtropical and tropical seas. There are four freshwater genera, including the most common genus Tetraodon. The meat of the Tetraodontidae is very tasty and is highly prized in the countries of the Far East. The skin, peritoneum, liver, and gonads are poisonous.


Zhizh’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Four cases of puffer fish poisoning in Minneapolis, Minnesota, resulted from consumption of dried globefish. Toxin analysis showed the product to be highly contaminated with tetrodotoxin, and a DNA analysis identified the fish as Lagocephalus lunaris, which is not allowed for import because naturally occurring toxin in its meat make safe preparation of this species impossible.
Statistics Agrostat (diskette only) ARI Network/CNS Arab Information Bank Comext/Eurostat(*) Comtrade FAKT - German Statistics Globefish IMF Data OECD Data Piers Imports PTS Forecasts PTS Time Series Reuters Monitor Trade Statistics Tradstat World Trade Statistics TRAINS (CD-ROM being developed) US I/E Maritime Bills of Lading US imports for Consumption World Bank Statistics
Last year was again an excellent one for farmed salmon producers, according to Globefish. Demand was good in most markets but the real explanation was on the supply side with only a modest increase in total farmed salmon production.
The outlook for 2007 remains good, according to Globefish. Norway's output is estimated to increase somewhat whereas Chile's prospects are still uncertain, depending on whether the production problems can be brought under control.
The Globefish report details figures by species and country.
Copies of the report are available from the FAO Globefish Fishery Industries Division, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100, Rome, Italy, fax: 39-657-055188.
Published by Globefish, the division's research arm, the study documents Europe's increasing dependence on Latin America, Africa and Asia for species like hake, tuna, shark and dogfish, shrimp and cephalopods.
Moving on the specific categories, Globefish makes the following observations:
Fish and seafood is shown as the largest category, at 256,700 tons - and that jibes with a figure of 260,000 tons reported by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization's Globefish Research Program (see QFFI, July 1991, page 86).
Frozen fish products represented some 22% of the 1.18 million metric tons of seafood consumed in Spain during 1988, according to a report recently published by the FAO Globefish Research Program.
Last year production of farm-raised species reached 650,000 metric tons, accounting for around 26% of total volume, according to Jochen Hannes Nierentz, a fishery industry officer with Globefish, a division of the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
Jochen Hannes Nierentz is a fishery industry officer (international trade) with Globefish, the Rome-based Fishery Industries Division of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).