gloss


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gloss

[Gr.,=tongue], explanatory note on a word or words of a text, usually written between the lines or in a margin of a manuscript. In copying a manuscript, a copyist sometimes incorporated a gloss in the text, so that the copy departed from the original. The gloss may be in a language different from that of the text. Old glosses on the Bible have value as evidence of tradition, as have glosses in civil and canon law.

Gloss

A property of paint finish that determines its reflective quality; either shiny, semireflective, soft finish, or flat.

Gloss

 

(1) Translation or explanation of an incomprehensible word or expression, primarily in the works of ancient writers. Glosses were first used by the Greeks in the study of Homer’s poetry. The so-called Homeric glosses of the Alexandrian period (Zenodotus of Ephesus) enjoyed wide renown. Later, glosses were used mainly in the explication of individual biblical passages and of juridical texts. The so-called Malberg Gloss, which is composed of separate Frankish words and expressions joined to the Latin text of the Salic Law, is the most ancient monument of the German language, and the Reichenau Glosses, which were attached to the Latin Bible, are the first monument of the French language. Since the 17th century, glosses have been studied as valuable linguistic material.

(2) In Old Spanish poetry, a poem consisting of four stanzas (mainly the décima) and the four-line epigraph (called a motto) preceding them, each line of which completed the corresponding stanza. An example is the poem “On the Beauty Unhappy in Marriage” by C. de Castillejo.

gloss

[gläs]
(optics)
The ratio of the light specularly reflected from a surface to the total light reflected.

gloss

The degree of surface luster; ranges from a matte surface practically without sheen to an almost mirror-like glossy finish; intermediate conditions (in increasing order of glossiness) are: flat, eggshell, semigloss, and full gloss or high gloss.
References in periodicals archive ?
Accelerated gloss retention testing was performed by drawing down paints with a 3 mil bird bar on aluminum panels and allowing them to dry overnight.
Inconsistent texture geometry and depth can also be a contributor to gloss issues.
Gloss is seen on PBS' "Antiques Roadshow" from time to time and has been a guest on WBZ Radio as well as other radio, TV and cable stations.
From a physical perspective, gloss is generally associated with the surface light reflection of an object in the specular angle which is the opposite to the incident angle as measured from the normal (1).
50) Verdict Has an inbuilt light for applying lip gloss in the dark but this colour is too bland for a party.
Dior Addict Ultra-Gloss Glow - pounds 18 A hint more coral but still nice and nude, Dior's shade 236 Satin Peach is a glam gloss.
Rating 3/5 * Balm Shelter Tinted Gloss SPF17 in Daddy''s Girl, pounds 15 (www.
The new NIVEA Hair Care Diamond Gloss range consists of 3 products:
1 GU for 60[degrees]Gloss <10 gloss units can be guaranteed, which consequently allows the control of gloss within [+ or -] 0.
In November 2004, a new ISO standard was published for the determination of paper gloss at a specular angle of 20[degrees].
Dark red lip gloss, pounds 9, French Connection at Boots (08450 708090)