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gloss

[Gr.,=tongue], explanatory note on a word or words of a text, usually written between the lines or in a margin of a manuscript. In copying a manuscript, a copyist sometimes incorporated a gloss in the text, so that the copy departed from the original. The gloss may be in a language different from that of the text. Old glosses on the Bible have value as evidence of tradition, as have glosses in civil and canon law.

Gloss

A property of paint finish that determines its reflective quality; either shiny, semireflective, soft finish, or flat.

Gloss

 

(1) Translation or explanation of an incomprehensible word or expression, primarily in the works of ancient writers. Glosses were first used by the Greeks in the study of Homer’s poetry. The so-called Homeric glosses of the Alexandrian period (Zenodotus of Ephesus) enjoyed wide renown. Later, glosses were used mainly in the explication of individual biblical passages and of juridical texts. The so-called Malberg Gloss, which is composed of separate Frankish words and expressions joined to the Latin text of the Salic Law, is the most ancient monument of the German language, and the Reichenau Glosses, which were attached to the Latin Bible, are the first monument of the French language. Since the 17th century, glosses have been studied as valuable linguistic material.

(2) In Old Spanish poetry, a poem consisting of four stanzas (mainly the décima) and the four-line epigraph (called a motto) preceding them, each line of which completed the corresponding stanza. An example is the poem “On the Beauty Unhappy in Marriage” by C. de Castillejo.

gloss

[gläs]
(optics)
The ratio of the light specularly reflected from a surface to the total light reflected.

gloss

The degree of surface luster; ranges from a matte surface practically without sheen to an almost mirror-like glossy finish; intermediate conditions (in increasing order of glossiness) are: flat, eggshell, semigloss, and full gloss or high gloss.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the brushed flow out test, the experimental 50 VOC paint with the KU efficient, ICI building HEUR rheology modifier was better at 7 and 10 min than the commercial 150 and 200 VOC gloss paints and was equal to the commercial 250 VOC gloss paint (Figures 7 and 8).
AYOU are spot on about emulsion not holding on top of a gloss surface if applied directly, but as long as you use an oil-based undercoat over the gloss paint it will act as a bond, which will allow you to decorate with an emulsion paint.
CLEAN-UP: Martin Johnson attempts to get the white gloss paint off the car at his home in Tynemouth.; HOME HIT: Blue paint which was thrown at the bay window of the house.; PREVIOUS ATTACK: Martin's bike was targeted outside his home in August 2006.
Two men from pressure group Real Fathers 4 Justice threw duck eggs filled with purple gloss paint on to the green as Tiger Woods was preparing to chip on to it.
They've spent hours struggling to remove the gloss paint.
Q I have been using gloss paint that gives off high fumes and upsets my lung condition C.O.P.D.
HOW do I remove dark green gloss paint from a wicker chair?
While most of the special effects coatings in the Studio Finishes collection are glazes, Molten Metallics is an alkyd high gloss paint. It is ideal for adding a dramatic, glamorous look to furniture, decorative pieces, trim and accent ceilings and walls.
One, that I was happily ignorant of before now, is when you drop a can of white gloss paint on to a wooden kitchen floor.
A pounds 1,000 cashback offer was due to expire at the end of June but will now continue until the end of September together with free metallic and high gloss paint. Warranty cover is extended from 36,000 miles to 60,000 miles to bring it into line with the three-year warranties of its rivals.
Give yours a lift with Sandtex High Performance Gloss Paint, which costs pounds 9.98 for 750ml.
In addition to weathering resistance and water and blushing resistance, gloss paint formulated with Optive 330 will reportedly have good flow and leveling with excellent brushing and film build characteristics.