Glossina


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Related to Glossina: Dermacentor, Simulium

Glossina

 

(tsetse), a genus of insects of the family Muscidae. The insects, which measure 9–14 mm in length, are characterized by long, broad palpi and a long, spiny proboscis. There are about 20 species, distributed in tropical and subtropical Africa. All Glossina are viviparous. The ovary consists of a single egg tubule; the larvae develop in the enlarged vagina and are born ready to pupate. The insects inhabit moist places, mainly damp forests.

Many species are carriers of Trypanosoma, which parasitize the blood of animals and humans and cause diseases known as trypanosomiases. The species G. palpalis, G. morsitans, and G. brevipalpis are carriers of the causative agent of sleeping sickness in humans (Trypanosoma gambiense). G. morsitans and G. tachinoides carry the causative agent of nagana (Trypanosoma brucei), a disease of domestic animals.

REFERENCE

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 3. Moscow, 1969.
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Glossina austeni (Diptera: Glossinidae) eradicated from the island of Unguja, Zanzibar, using the sterile insect technique.
Wolbachia symbiont infections induce strong cytoplasmic incompatibility in the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans.
Biocontrol potential of the entomogenous fungi Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae for tsetse flies (Glossina spp.) at developmental sites.
Biocontrol potencial of entomogenous fungi Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae for tse-tse flies (Glossina spp.) of development sites.
For example, the topical application of neem oil or azadirachtin rich neem seed kernel extract on Glossina specimens, reduced fecundity and survival of the treated females (18) and exposure of An.
Un fenomeno parecido se observa en el caso de la tripanosomiasis africana, las moscas tse-tse (Glossina palpalis o Glossina morsitans) adquieren los parasites cuando se alimentan de mamiferos enfermos.
vivax was introduced by animals carried from Africa, where Glossina flies are the biological vectors (Wells et al.
brucei parasites are transmitted by tsetse flies (Glossina spp.).
Persistent courtship reduces male and female longevity in captive tsetse flies Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae).