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Related to glossopharyngeal neuralgia: glossopharyngeal nerve, trigeminal neuralgia, Occipital neuralgia


(no͝orăl`jə, nyo͝o–), acute paroxysmal pain along a peripheral sensory nerve. Unlike neuritisneuritis
, inflammation of a peripheral nerve, often accompanied by degenerative changes in nervous tissue. The cause can be mechanical (injury, pressure), vascular (occlusion of a vessel or hemorrhage into nerve tissue), infectious (invasion by microorganisms), toxic (metallic
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, there is no inflammation or degeneration of nerve tissue. Neuralgia occurs commonly in the area of the facial, or trigeminal, nerve and brings attacks of excruciating pain at varying intervals. Often no cause can be found for trigeminal neuralgia, and in severe cases deadening of the nerve with novocaine or alcohol, or even surgical interruption of the nerve, is necessary to bring relief. Neuralgia can be caused by such disturbances as diabetes, infections, diseases of the nervous system, anemia, and extreme cold. The pain may occur for many months after an attack of shingles (see herpes zosterherpes zoster,
infection of a ganglion (nerve center) with severe pain and a blisterlike eruption in the area of the nerve distribution, a condition called shingles. The causative organism is varicella-zoster, a common, filtrable virus that also causes chickenpox, and can hide
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), and it is one of the symptoms of syphilitic involvement of the central nervous system. In many cases, pain can be relieved by hot applications, drugs, and various kinds of physiotherapy.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a pathological condition that is characterized by attacks of pain at the innervation site of a peripheral nerve. In contrast to neuritis, neuralgia does not involve motor disturbances or a loss of sensitivity, and structural changes in the affected nerve are not observed.

Neuralgias develop predominantly in nerves that pass through narrow canals and openings. With primary, or essential, neuralgia no accompanying diseases are clinically observed; with secondary, or symptomatic, neuralgia inflammatory processes, tumors, or other conditions harmful to nerves can arise. Should the neuralgia be prolonged, a neuritic stage can arise in which structural changes accompanied by a loss of sensitivity in the nerve become apparent.

Neuralgia produces paroxysmal pains and such autonomic vascular disturbances as reddening of the skin and lacrimation; sometimes localized muscle spasms in the form of painful tics occur. Neuralgia most commonly affects the trigeminal nerve; other nerves, such as the greater and lesser occipitals and the glossopharyngeal, are less frequently involved.

Secondary neuralgias are treated by curing the causative disease. In primary neuralgia, treatment involves injections of Novocain, topical use of Xylocaine, physiotherapy, and the use of B vitamins. Antispasmodics are specifically used for neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Pain in or along the course of one or more nerves. Also known as neurodynia.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


severe spasmodic pain caused by damage to or malfunctioning of a nerve and often following the course of the nerve
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Glossopharyngeal neuralgia. Merck Manuals 2007;Sec 6(96):1588.
The glossopharyngeal nerve, glossopharyngeal neuralgia and the Eagle's syndrome --current concepts and management.
Glossopharyngeal neuralgia associated with cardiac syncope and weight loss.
Stereotactic radiosurgery for glossopharyngeal neuralgia: preliminary report of 5 cases.
Kaur, "Analgesic efficacy and safety of medical therapy alone vs combined medical therapy and extraoral glossopharyngeal nerve block in glossopharyngeal neuralgia," Pain Medicine, vol.
Jannetta, "Observations on the etiology of trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm, acoustic nerve dysfunction and glossopharyngeal neuralgia. Definitive microsurgical treatment and results in 117 patients," Neurochirurgia, vol.
Microvascular decompression for glossopharyngeal neuralgia through the transcondylar fossa (supracondylar transjugular tuberde) approach.
Microvascular decompression for glossopharyngeal neuralgia: a long-term retrospective review of the Milan-Bologna experience in 31 consecutive cases.
Glossopharyngeal Neuralgias cause severe lancinating pain in the throat, difficult to differentiate from HB but glossopharyngeal Neuralgia pain is usually relieved on topical application of LA on tonsillar pillars where as in HB, infiltration of LA on the maxillary tuberosity area only will relieve the pain.
Causes of symptomatic glossopharyngeal neuralgia include cerebellopontine angle tumors, nasopharyngeal carcinomas, carotid aneurysms, tonsillar abscesses, neurilemmomas of cranial nerve IX, multiple sclerosis, and Eagle syndrome.
Glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GPN) is a very sporadic condition related to hyperactivity of the glossopharyngeal nerve [142].
They tend to occur in younger patients, and they are accompanied by glossopharyngeal neuralgia. Histologically, these tumors contain more cytologic atypia, and they feature larger cells, cellular pleomorphism, and increased mitotic activity.