artery

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Related to gluteal artery: internal pudendal artery, Gluteal branches

artery,

blood vessel that conveys blood away from the heartheart,
muscular organ that pumps blood to all parts of the body. The rhythmic beating of the heart is a ceaseless activity, lasting from before birth to the end of life. Anatomy and Function

The human heart is a pear-shaped structure about the size of a fist.
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. Except for the pulmonary artery, which carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs, arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues. The largest arterial trunk is the aortaaorta
, primary artery of the circulatory system in mammals, delivering oxygenated blood to all other arteries except those of the lungs. The human aorta, c.1 in. (2.54 cm) in diameter, originates at the left ventricle of the heart.
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, branches of which divide and subdivide into ever-smaller tubes, or arterioles, until they terminate as minute capillariescapillary
, microscopic blood vessel, smallest unit of the circulatory system. Capillaries form a network of tiny tubes throughout the body, connecting arterioles (smallest arteries) and venules (smallest veins).
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, the latter connecting with the veinsvein,
blood vessel that returns blood to the heart. Except for the pulmonary vein, which carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart, veins carry deoxygenated blood. The oxygen-depleted blood passes from the capillaries to the venules (small veins).
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 (see circulatory systemcirculatory system,
group of organs that transport blood and the substances it carries to and from all parts of the body. The circulatory system can be considered as composed of two parts: the systemic circulation, which serves the body as a whole except for the lungs, and the
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). Other important arteries are the subclavian and brachial arteries of the shoulder and arm, the carotid arteries that lead to the head, the coronary arteries that nourish the heart itself, and the iliac and femoral arteries of the abdomen and lower extremities. The walls of the large arteries have three layers: a tough elastic outer coat, a layer of muscular tissue, and a smooth, thin inner coat. Arterial walls expand and contract with each heartbeat, pumping blood throughout the body. The pulsating movement of blood, or pulsepulse,
alternate expansion and contraction of artery walls as heart action varies blood volume within the arteries. Artery walls are elastic. Hence they become distended by increased blood volume during systole, or contraction of the heart.
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, may be felt where the large arteries lie near the body surface.

artery

[′ärd·ə·rē]
(anatomy)
A vascular tube that carries blood away from the heart.

artery

any of the tubular thick-walled muscular vessels that convey oxygenated blood from the heart to various parts of the body
References in periodicals archive ?
Classically, the perforator branch of the inferior gluteal artery nourishing the gluteal sulcus is used for reconstruction purposes.
The superior gluteal artery perforator flap: An additional tool in the treatment of sacral pressure sores.
In this case series, Case 1 had a massive bleeding due to injury of the superior gluteal artery with no fractures.
(6) revealed the following: (i) the superior gluteal region is supplied by 5 [+ or -] 2 cutaneous perforators arising from the superior gluteal artery; (ii) all perforators are musculocutaneous, with 50% passing through the gluteus maximus muscle while the remaining 50% pass through the gluteus medius muscle; (iii) the average diameter of the perforators arising from the superior gluteal artery is 0.6 [+ or -] 0.1 mm and the average pedicle length from the deep fascia is 23 [+ or -] 11 mm; and (iv) the average cutaneous vascular territory for the superior gluteal artery is 69 [+ or -] 56 [cm.sup.2] with each perforator supplying an area of 21 [+ or -] 8 [cm.sup.2].
Superior gluteal artery laceration, A complication of iliac bone graft surgery.
[25] reported the origin of prostatic arteries as follows: internal pudendal artery (56%), common gluteal-pudendal trunk (28%), obturator artery (12%), and inferior gluteal artery (4%).
Brown, "Profound hypotension in blunt trauma associated with superior gluteal artery rupture without pelvic fracture," Journal of Trauma--Injury, Infection and Critical Care, vol.
Historically, the superior gluteal artery is known as gluteal superior or gluteal artery (Gray, 1867) is classified as a third class by Herbert in 1825.
At this point, the posterior flap contains the deep branch of the medial femoral circumflex artery (MFCA), the anastomoses with the inferior gluteal artery, and the retinacular vessels.
It may be much smaller in diameter when the femoral artery arises from the inferior gluteal artery or internal iliac artery.
It then traveled forwards, infero-lateral to the common trunk of internal pudendal and inferior gluteal artery, it further coursed forwards and downwards lying over the ischio-coccygeal part of levator ani to reach the upper part of obturator foramen, running parallel and inferior to the obturator nerve.