glutelin


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to glutelin: gluten, albumin

glutelin

[′glüd·əl·ən]
(biochemistry)
A class of simple, heat-labile proteins occurring in seeds of cereals; soluble in dilute acids and alkalies.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cooking Phaseolus bean varieties changes their albumin, globulin (including phaseolin), prolamin, and glutelin distribution, the solubility decreases for all four fractions, and the extent to which solubility was affected varied with the type of protein.
As shown previously, the most abundant fraction in nut was glutelin. A total of 21 peptides with different biological activities were found: (a) in the glutelin fraction, peptides with antihypertensive, antioxidant, and anticarcinogenic activities were detected.
The IVPD of the glutelin fraction increased during the last six hours of fermentation.
The glutelin fraction remaining in the meal was then extracted with 0.05 M NaOH for 30 min.
The non-zein protein consists of globulins (3%) glutelins (34%) and albumins (3%).
After removing albumin, globulin, and prolamin, the residue was extracted with 500 mL of 0.01 M NaOH according to the procedures described for the extraction of albumin to obtain the glutelin extract.
This common extraction methods used in this study is feasible as rice bran protein consisted of albulmin: globulin: glutelin at the ratio of 36:5:22 with mainly albumin and globulin (Juliano, 1985).
This research has indicated, for example, that many ribosomal proteins and histone genes were found in growth-phase callus while genes encoding globulin and seed storage proteins such as glutelin and prolamine were identified in ripening panicles.
The chief protein fractions of CGM are zein and glutelin, which constitute approximately 65% (w/w) and 30% (w/w), respectively.
Traditionally, the extraction of storage proteins from seeds has been carried out following Osborne [20] who classifies proteins according to their solubility in water (albumin), salt solutions (globulin), alkali solutions (glutelin), and alcohol solutions (prolamin).
Quantitative nature of the Prolamin-box, ACGT and AACA motifs in a rice glutelin gene promoter: Minimal cis-element requirements for endosperm-specific gene expression.