glyconeogenesis


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Related to glyconeogenesis: glycogenesis

glyconeogenesis

[¦glī·kō¦nē·ō′jen·ə·səs]
(biochemistry)
The metabolic process of glycogen formation from noncarbohydrate precursors.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kaysen, "Lack of glyconeogenesis in pancreatic islets: expression of gluconeogenic enzyme genes in islets," Hormone and Metabolic Research, vol.
This effect may occur due to reduction in intestinal glucose absorption or induction of glycogenic process along with reduction in glycogenolysis and glyconeogenesis. Therefore, this effective dosage, 400 mg/kg of aqueous fruit extract of P.
isocitratelyase, iCL, of glyoxylate pathway) and glyconeogenesis genes (like phosphorylase and sucrose synthase, SS) were limitedly affected by cold stress (Fig.3B7, J and K).
Such an effect may be accounted by a decrease in the rate of intestinal glucose absorption, achieved by an extra pancreatic action including the stimulation of peripheral glucose utilization or enhancing glycolytic and glycogenic process with concomitant decrease in glycogenolysis and glyconeogenesis (Luzi and Pozza 1997).
The ERAS program is aimed at attenuating the body's response to surgery which is characterized by its catabolic effect.[sup.27] Autonomic afferent impulses from the area of injury or trauma stimulate the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and mediate the body's subsequent endocrine response.[sup.28] Increased cortisol levels stimulate gluconeogenesis and glyconeogenesis in the liver, with triglyercides being converted to glycerol and fatty acids providing the substrates for gluconeogensis.
The keto acid so formed in this reaction may be channeled into Kreb's cycle for the liberation of energy or may enroute into glyconeogenesis or lipogenesis.
They include muscle fiber utilization, the glycolytic intermediates, the use of lactate in glyconeogenesis, and the affects of blood glucose and insulin.
The constant content of glycogen indicated either that glycogen was not in great demand or that it was resynthesized from other constituents by glyconeogenesis. Further studies into glycogen metabolism in juvenile abalone should be carried out.